Experimental Investigation on the Effect of Elevated Temperature on Compressive Strength of Concrete Containing Waste Glass Powder
This study examines the effect of elevated temperature on the strength of concrete containing glass powder (GWP) as Ordinary Portland cement replacement. The cement was partially replaced by 0, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27 and 30 % of GWP and samples were prepared at constant water-binder ratio of 0.5. The cube samples after curing in water for 90 days were exposed to 60, 150, 300 and 500°C temperatures increased at a heating rate of 10°C/min. Compressive strength values were measured on unheated samples and after air-cooling period of the heated samples. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was carried out on selected samples to examine alterations in the matrix and interface. The results indicate a decrease in the compressive strength with increasing temperature, and significant alteration was observed in the concrete matrix and interface from the SEM analyses. However, the results indicate that concrete samples containing 21% GWP exhibit higher strength compared to control.
J. Kline and L. Barcelo, “Cement and CO2, a victim of success,” Cement Industry Technical Conference, IEEE Press, May 2012, pp. 1-14.
M. J. Terro, “Properties of concrete made with recycled crushed glass at elevated temperatures,” Building and Environment, vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 633-639, January 2006
M. Sonebi, “Embedded sustainability driven approach into construction,” Proc. first Symp. Knowledge Exchange for Young Scientists (KEYS), June 2015, pp. 25-30.
H. Du and K. H. Tan, “Use of waste glass as sand in mortar: Part II - Alkali-silica reaction and mitigation methods,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 118-126, January 2013.
C. J. Shin and V. Sonntang, Using recycled glass as construction aggregate, Transportation Research Board, National Research Council, no. 1437, October 1994.
A. Meena, and R. Singh, “Comparative study of waste glass powder as pozzolanic material in concrete,” Ph.D. dissertation, National Institute of Technology Rourkela, 2012.
Y. Jani and W. Hogland, “Waste glass in the production of cement and concrete,” Journal of environmental chemical engineering, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1767-1775, September 2014.
O. M. Olofinnade, J. M. Ndambuki, A. N. Ede, and D. O. Olukanni, “Effect of substitution of crushed waste glass as partial replacement for natural fine and coarse aggregate in concrete,” Material Science Forum, vol. 866, pp. 58-62, August 2016.
R. Idir, M. Cyr, and A. Tagnit-Hamou, “Use of fine glass as ASR inhibitor in glass aggregate mortars,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 1309-1312, July 2010
S. B. Park, B. C. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “Studies on mechanical properties of concrete containing waste glass aggregate,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 34, no. 12, pp. 2181-2189, December 2004.
K. H. Tan and H. Du, “Use of waste glass as sand in mortar. Part I. Fresh, mechanical and durability properties,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 109-117, January 2013.
C. Karakurt and I. B. Topçu, “Effect of blended cements with natural zeolite and industrial by-products on rebar corrosion and high temperature resistance of concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 35, pp. 906-911, October 2012.
A. H. Akca and N. Ö. Zihniog˘lu, “High performance concrete under elevated temperatures,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 44, pp. 317-328, April 2013.
M. H. Ali, Y. Z. Dinkha, and J. H. Haido, “Mechanical properties and spalling at elevated temperature of high performance concrete made with reactive and waste inert powders,” Engineering Science and Technology, an International Journal, in press.
Y. F. Chang, Y. H. Chen, M. S. Sheu, and G. C. Yao, “Residual stress-strain relationship for concrete after exposure to high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 36, no. 10, pp 1999-2005, 2006.
K. H. Poutos, A. M. Alani, P. J. Walden, and C. M. Sangha, “Relative temperature changes within concrete made with recycled glass aggregate,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 557-565, April 2008.
N. Schwarz, H. Cam, and N. Neithalath, “Influence of a fine glass powder on the durability characteristics of concrete and its comparison to fly ash,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 486-496, June 2008.
C. Shi, Y. Wu, C. Riefler, and H. Wang, “Characteristics and pozzolanic reactivity of glass powders,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 987-993, May 2005.
A. M. Matos and J. Sousa-Coutinho, “Durability of mortar using waste glass powder as cement replacement,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 36, pp. 205-215, July 2012.
H. Du and K. H. Tan, “Properties of high volume glass powder concrete,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 75, pp. 22-29, January 2017.
P. Kalifa, F. D. Menneteau, and D. Quenard, “Spalling and pore pressure in HPC at high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1915-1927, December 2000.
A. M. Neville, Properties of concrete, 3rd ed. England: Longman Scientific and Technical, Essex, 2002.
K. Akçaözog˘lu, M. Fener, S. Akçaözog˘lu, and R. Öcal, “Microstructural examination of the effect of elevated temperature on the concrete containing clinoptilolite,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 72, pp. 316-325, December 2014.
M. Saridemir, M. H. Severcan, M. Ciflikli, S. Celikten, F. Ozcan, and C. D. Atis, “The influence of elevated temperature on strength and microstructure of high strength concrete containing ground pumice and metakaolin,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 124, pp. 244-257, July 2016.
L. Y. Li and J. Purkiss, “Stress-strain constitutive equations of concrete material at elevated temperatures”, Fire Safety Journal, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 669-686, 2005.
W. Khalig, and V. K. R. Kodur, “Effect of high temperature on tensile strength of different types of high-strength concrete,” ACI Materials Journal, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 394-402, 2011.
Cement Composition, specifications, and conformity criteria for common cements, BS EN 197-2000, 2000.
Testing hardened concrete, part 3: compressive strength of test specimens, European Committee for Standardization BS EN 12390-3, 2002.
Testing of Fresh concrete, part 2: slump test, European Committee for Standardization BS EN 12350-2, 2009.
Y. Shaoa, T. Leforta, S. Morasa, and D. Rodriguezb, “Studies on concrete containing ground waste glass,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 91-100, January 2000.
Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.