Advances in Technology Innovation <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><strong><em>Advances in Technology Innovation</em></strong> (AITI), ISSN 2518-2994 (Online), ISSN 2415-0436 (Print), is an international, multidiscipline, peer-reviewed scholarly journal. The official abbreviated title is <em><strong>Adv. technol. innov.</strong></em> It is dedicated to provide a platform for fast communication between the newest research works on the innovations of Technology &amp; Engineering. A paper will be online shortly once it is accepted and typeset. Currently, there is no publication charge, including article processing and submission charges. AITI is an open access journal which means that all contents are freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution.</p> <p><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;">AITI is indexed by:</span></p> <p><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;"><img style="width: 136px; height: 26px;" src="" alt="" width="171" height="53">&nbsp; </span><img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/DOAJ4.png" alt=""> &nbsp;&nbsp; <img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/google5.png" alt=""> &nbsp; <img src="" alt="">&nbsp; <img src="/public/site/images/allen/ProQuest-41.png"> <img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/CAB_ABSTRACTS4.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/Resarch_Bible5.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/WorldCat5.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/allen/academia-12.png"> &nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/TOCs5.jpg" alt=""> &nbsp; <img src="/public/site/images/allen/Publons-22.5_1.png"> &nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/allen/crossref3.png" width="92" height="42"></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;Under evaluation of SCI, EI(Compendex) , INSPEC, etc.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">&nbsp;</p> Taiwan Association of Engineering and Technology Innovation en-US Advances in Technology Innovation 2415-0436 <hr style="font: 12px/normal Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; cursor: default; widows: 1; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;"> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><img alt="" src="data:image/png;base64,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"></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, Times, serif;">Since Jan. 01, 2019, AITI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under <a href="">The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License</a>.<br>The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">&nbsp;</span></p> Fuzzy Study on the Winning Rate of Football Game Betting <p>This study aims to find variables that affect the winning rate of the football team before a match. Qualitative variables such as venue, match importance, performance, and atmosphere of both teams are suggested to predict the outcome. Regression analysis is used to select proper variables. In this study, the performance of the football team is based on the opinions of experts, and the team atmosphere can be calculated with the results of the previous five games. ELO rating represents the state of the opponent. Also, the selected qualitative variables are expressed in fuzzy numbers using fuzzy partitions. A fuzzy regression model for the winning rate of the football team can be estimated by using the least squares method and the least absolute method. It is concluded that the stadium environment, ELO rating, team performance, and importance of the match have effects on the winning rate of Korean National Football (KNF) team from the data on 118 matches.</p> Woo-Joo Lee Hyo-Jin Jhang Seung Hoe Choi Copyright (c) 2021 Woo-Joo Lee, Hyo-Jin Jhang, Seung Hoe Choi 2021-05-13 2021-05-13 6 2 10.46604/aiti.2021.6517 Driving Assistance System with Lane Change Detection <p>In this study, a simple technology for a self-driving system called “driver assistance system” is developed based on embedded image identification. The system consists of a camera, a Raspberry Pi board, and OpenCV. The camera is used to capture lane images, and the image noise is overcome through color space conversion, grayscale, Otsu thresholding, binarization, erosion, and dilation. Subsequently, two horizontal lines parallel to the <em>X</em>-axis with a fixed range and interval are used to detect left and right lane lines. The intersection points between the left and right lane lines and the two horizontal lines can be obtained, and can be used to calculate the slopes of the left and right lanes. Finally, the slope change of the left and right lanes and the offset of the lane intersection are determined to detect the deviation. When the angle of lanes changes drastically, the driver receives a deviation warning. The results of this study suggest that the proposed algorithm is 1.96 times faster than the conventional algorithm.</p> Jia-Shing Sheu Chun-Kang Tsai Po-Tong Wang Copyright (c) 2021 Jia-Shing Sheu, Chun-Kang Tsai, Po-Tong Wang 2021-05-05 2021-05-05 6 2 10.46604/aiti.2021.7109 Dockless Shared Bicycle Flow Control by Using Kernel Density Estimation Based Clustering <p>Since dockless sharing bicycles have become an indispensable means of everyday life for urban residents, how to effectively control the supply and demand balance of bikes has become an important issue. This study aims to apply Kernel Density Estimation based (KDE-based) clustering analysis and a threshold-based reverse flow incentive mechanism to encourage the users of bicycles to adjust the supply and demand actively. And it takes Shanghai Jing’an Temple and its surroundings as the research area. Its practical steps include: (1) compilation and processing of the needed data, (2) application of KDE-based clustering, partitioning, and grading, and (3) incentives calculation based on dockless shared bicycle flow control system. The study finds that the generalization function of KDE-based clustering can be used to estimate the density value at any point in the study area to support the calculation of the incentive mechanism for bicycle reverse flow.</p> Shang-Yuan Chen Tzu-Tien Chen Copyright (c) 2021 Shang-Yuan Chen, Tzu-Tien Chen 2021-04-12 2021-04-12 6 2 10.46604/aiti.2021.6666 Design and Implementation of Adaptive PID and Adaptive Fuzzy Controllers for a Level Process Station <p>This proposed work proposes the design and real-time implementation of an adaptive fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for adaptive gain scheduling that can be configured for any complex industrial nonlinear application. Initially, the open-loop test of the single-input single-output (SISO) system, with nonlinearities and disturbances, is conducted to represent the mathematical model of the process around a set of equilibrium points. The adaptive controllers are then developed and deployed by using the national instruments reconfigurable input/output data acquisition device (NI RIO), NI myRIO-1900, and the control parameters are adapted in real-time corresponding to the changes in the process variable. The resulting servo and regulatory performance of the controllers are compared in MATLAB® software. The adaptive fuzzy controller is deduced to be the better controller as it can generate the desired output with quicker settling times, fewer oscillations, and negligible overshoot.</p> Aparna Venkataraman Copyright (c) 2021 Aparna Venkataraman 2021-04-01 2021-04-01 6 2 90 105 10.46604/aiti.2021.6047 Development of a Small Intelligent Weather Station for Agricultural Applications <p>It is known that climate change causes a decrease in the profit gained from agricultural production. This work designs and establishes weather boxes equipped with functions of rainfall prediction, frosting forecast, and lightning detection. With the wireless connection and the build-in decision mode, weather boxes can deliver early-warning by sending texting messages to the users and actuating the corresponding action to response the extreme climate. To implement rainfall and frosting prognostication, two different datasets are analyzed by the technology of data mining. One of the datasets is acquired from the Central Weather Bureau, and the other is from the proposed weather box monitoring the agricultural environment. From the experimental results, the prediction model constructed from the data which is collected by the proposed weather box exhibits a higher accuracy in rainfall forecasting than those based on the Central Weather Bureau.</p> Yi-Hua Chung Jun-Fu Huang Yuan-Chen Hu Chen-Kang Huang Copyright (c) 2021 Yi-Hua Chung, Jun-Fu Huang, Yuan-Chen Hu, Chen-Kang Huang 2021-04-01 2021-04-01 6 2 74 89 10.46604/aiti.2021.6494 Innovative Strategy to Meet the Challenges of the Future Digital Society <p>Today, we are experiencing a societal revolution with the development of digital technologies, and it brings new challenges. Indeed, the number of connected objects, intelligent sensors and IoTs are increasing exponentially. The same goes for the resulting energy consumption. Beyond 2030, without a radical transformation of communication technologies and protocols, the digital world will be at an energy dead end. All these objects are physically realized with microelectronic devices and systems. This analysis of the microelectronics community has led the French government to recognize an electronics sector that is becoming a priority area of industrial policy. The Strategic Committee of this sector has proposed innovations applied to the entire digital chain including all facets of the microelectronics field and human skills and know-how. The technological and energy issues are thus presented, and the proposed solutions were addressed. They concern both technological and human aspects. This paper ends by giving examples of the implementation of innovative approaches which essentially include the electronic functions involved in connected objects and which are intended to bring the know-how of future actors in the field.</p> Olivier Bonnaud Copyright (c) 2021 Olivier Bonnaud 2021-04-01 2021-04-01 6 2 106 116 10.46604/aiti.2021.6724