Advances in Technology Innovation <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><strong><em>Advances in Technology Innovation</em></strong> (AITI), ISSN 2518-2994 (Online), ISSN 2415-0436 (Print), is an international, multidiscipline, peer-reviewed scholarly journal. The official abbreviated title is <em><strong>Adv. technol. innov.</strong></em> It is dedicated to provide a platform for fast communication between the newest research works on the innovations of Technology &amp; Engineering. A paper will be online shortly once it is accepted and typeset. Currently, there is no publication charge, including article processing and submission charges. AITI is an open access journal which means that all contents are freely available without charge to the user or his/her institution.</p> <p><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;">AITI is indexed by:</span></p> <p><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;"><img style="width: 136px; height: 26px;" src="" alt="" width="171" height="53"></span> <img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/DOAJ4.png" alt=""> <img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/google5.png" alt=""> <img src="" alt=""> <img src="/public/site/images/allen/ProQuest-41.png"> <img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/CAB_ABSTRACTS4.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/Resarch_Bible5.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/WorldCat5.png" alt="">&nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/allen/academia-12.png"> &nbsp;<img src="/public/site/images/ijeti/TOCs5.jpg" alt=""> &nbsp; <img src="/public/site/images/allen/Publons-22.5_1.png"></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Noto Sans'; font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;Under evaluation of SCI, EI(Compendex) , INSPEC, etc.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt;">&nbsp;</p> Taiwan Association of Engineering and Technology Innovation en-US Advances in Technology Innovation 2415-0436 <hr style="font: 12px/normal Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; color: rgb(0, 0, 0); text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; word-spacing: 0px; white-space: normal; cursor: default; widows: 1; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;"> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><img alt="" src="data:image/png;base64,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"></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman, Times, serif;">Since Jan. 01, 2019, AITI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under <a href="">The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License</a>.<br>The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman;">&nbsp;</span></p> Innovative Strategy to Meet the Challenges of the Future Digital Society <p>Today, we are experiencing a societal revolution with the development of digital technologies, and it brings new challenges. Indeed, the number of connected objects, intelligent sensors and IoTs are increasing exponentially. The same goes for the resulting energy consumption. Beyond 2030, without a radical transformation of communication technologies and protocols, the digital world will be at an energy dead end. All these objects are physically realized with microelectronic devices and systems. This analysis of the microelectronics community has led the French government to recognize an electronics sector that is becoming a priority area of industrial policy. The Strategic Committee of this sector has proposed innovations applied to the entire digital chain including all facets of the microelectronics field and human skills and know-how. The technological and energy issues are thus presented, and the proposed solutions were addressed. They concern both technological and human aspects. This paper ends by giving examples of the implementation of innovative approaches which essentially include the electronic functions involved in connected objects and which are intended to bring the know-how of future actors in the field.</p> Olivier Bonnaud Copyright (c) 2021 Olivier Bonnaud 2021-02-19 2021-02-19 6 1 10.46604/aiti.2021.6724 Development of a Small Intelligent Weather Station for Agricultural Applications <p>It is known that climate change causes a decrease in the profit gained from agricultural production. This work designs and establishes weather boxes equipped with functions of rainfall prediction, frosting forecast, and lightning detection. With the wireless connection and the build-in decision mode, weather boxes can deliver early-warning by sending texting messages to the users and actuating the corresponding action to response the extreme climate. To implement rainfall and frosting prognostication, two different datasets are analyzed by the technology of data mining. One of the datasets is acquired from the Central Weather Bureau, and the other is from the proposed weather box monitoring the agricultural environment. From the experimental results, the prediction model constructed from the data which is collected by the proposed weather box exhibits a higher accuracy in rainfall forecasting than those based on the Central Weather Bureau.</p> Yi-Hua Chung Jun-Fu Huang Yuan-Chen Hu Chen-Kang Huang Copyright (c) 2021 Yi-Hua Chung, Jun-Fu Huang, Yuan-Chen Hu, Chen-Kang Huang 2021-02-09 2021-02-09 6 1 10.46604/aiti.2021.6494 Design and Implementation of Adaptive PID and Adaptive Fuzzy Controllers for a Level Process Station <p>This proposed work proposes the design and real-time implementation of an adaptive fuzzy logic controller (FLC) and a proportional-integral-derivative (PID) controller for adaptive gain scheduling that can be configured for any complex industrial nonlinear application. Initially, the open-loop test of the single-input single-output (SISO) system, with nonlinearities and disturbances, is conducted to represent the mathematical model of the process around a set of equilibrium points. The adaptive controllers are then developed and deployed by using the national instruments reconfigurable input/output data acquisition device (NI RIO), NI myRIO-1900, and the control parameters are adapted in real-time corresponding to the changes in the process variable. The resulting servo and regulatory performance of the controllers are compared in MATLAB® software. The adaptive fuzzy controller is deduced to be the better controller as it can generate the desired output with quicker settling times, fewer oscillations, and negligible overshoot.</p> Aparna Venkataraman Copyright (c) 2021 Aparna Venkataraman 2021-02-05 2021-02-05 6 1 10.46604/aiti.2021.6047 Impact of Flax Fiber Reinforcement on Mechanical Properties of Solid and Foamed Geopolymer Concrete <p>The main objective of this study is to develop the advanced composites for civil engineering applications as material for the building industry, especially for an insulation purpose. The research processes include several steps. Firstly, the prototype elements, such as bricks and elevation elements were performed from eco-friendly composite -flax fiber reinforced geopolymer. The elements were designed to take into consideration for environment. Geopolymers are environmentally friendly, sustainable, and resource efficient, including energy demand. Next, the wall was built from these elements and exposed during the three months in a relevant environment. The main conclusion of the research is that the kind of fibers is important for the mechanical properties of the composite, including the fact that for those different fibers could be more beneficial for different raw materials, giving higher strength properties. The significant influence on the mechanical properties of the composites has the adhesion between fiber and material used as a matrix. The adhesion depends among others on the previous treatment of the fibers.</p> Kinga Korniejenko Michał Łach Maria Hebdowska-Krupa Janusz Mikuła Copyright (c) 2020 Kinga Korniejenko, Michał Łach, Maria Hebdowska-Krupa, Janusz Mikuła 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 6 1 11 20 10.46604/aiti.2021.5294 Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis of RC Deep Beam Using CDP Model <p>Finite element analysis (FEA) is widely adopted these days to investigate relatively heavy structures such as reinforced concrete (RC) deep beam, which requires a higher investment of resources. This research aims to investigate a numerical modeling technique applicable to study the nonlinear behavior of RC deep beams by using FEA based on the software, ABAQUS. The nonlinear behavior of an RC deep beam adapted from an earlier research work is captured by using the uniaxial compressive and tensile stress-strain relationship and damage parameters of concrete. The response of the FE model is verified with the experimental results in terms of the load to midspan deflection curve and damage distribution. The ultimate shear capacity predicted by the FE model is 0.75% lower, and the corresponding displacement is 6.92% higher than the experimental results. The adopted modeling technique and the constitutive concrete models demonstrate the promising results indicating its possibilities for the investigation of RC structures.</p> Pramod Rai Copyright (c) 2020 Pramod Rai 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 6 1 01 10 10.46604/aiti.2021.5407 The Impact of Coating Ingredients on the Aging Resistance of Topcoat Paints by Model Trees <p>Topcoat paint is mainly composed of resin and pigment and hence its quality highly depends on the type and proportion of these two ingredients. This study aims at testing the formula of the topcoat paint for finding one that can achieve better quality for anti-aging. Various formulas of paint are applied on boards that will be put into ultraviolet accelerated test machines to simulate weathering tests. The gloss and color, before and after the tests, are collected and numerical prediction method M5P is used to grow model trees for discovering the key factors affecting aging. Based on the structure and the linear regression models in the trees, a better topcoat paint should be composed of a high proportion of resin and generally a low proportion of pigment. Good types of resin and pigment are also identified for keeping color and gloss.</p> Tzu-Tsung Wong Shih-Hsuan Hung Copyright (c) 2020 Tzu-Tsung Wong, Shih-Hsuan Hung 2021-01-01 2021-01-01 6 1 39 46 10.46604/aiti.2021.5307