A Study on the Burn Pattern Experiments in Structure Fire
The fire has created tremendous damage, yet skilled fire investigators can read the fire patterns left by the fire. Through the fire patterns interpretation and analysis, fire investigators should be able to determine exactly how and where the fire or explosion started. Fire patterns can help the fire investigator trace fire movement back to the point of origin. The origin and cause investigation for is attempting to determine the first material ignited, the source of ignition, and how the two brought together to cause the ignition. The investigators should read the fire scene to establish the area of origin. In this study, through burn pattern experiments, fire behavior in the compartment, fire pattern formation mechanism, fire patterns reproducibility, fire patterns persistence through flashover and full room involvement condition, fire scene reconstruction for fire origin determination, and other fire pattern’s temperature will be discussed and analyzed in depth. Burn test was conducted to recognize and analyze fire patterns created in the phase of pre flashover or post flashover in the compartment (container house). In addition, fire pattern experiments are designed to test combustible material, including polyurethane foam with a lower thermal inertia or wooden chair with a higher thermal inertia. During these experiments, through the thermocouple fire pattern’s temperature will be measured in the stage of pre flashover or post flashover.
National Fire Protection Association, NFPA 921 Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations, 2011.
International Fire Service Training Association (IFSTA), Introduction to Fire Origin and Cause, 3nd ed. IFSTA Committee, 2003.
D. D. H. John, Kirk’s Fire Investigation, 6th ed., Milwaukee: Brady, 2007.
C. L. Tien, K. Y. Lee, and A. J. Stretton, The SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering, 4nd ed. Quincy: NFPA Inc., 2008.
V. Babrauskas, “The SFPE handbook of fire protection engineering,” 4nd ed. Quincy: NFPA Inc., pp. 12, 2008.
G. E. Gorbett, B. Meacham, and C. Wood, “Development and assessment of a decision support framework for enhancing the forensic analysis and interpretation of fire patterns,” Diss. Dissertation, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2015.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Oct. 01, 2015, PETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes