The Effect of Band-Gap on TiO2 Thin Film Considering Various Parameters
The aim of this work is to measure the effect of band-gap on TiO2 thin films by changing tetrabutylorthotitanate (TBOT), diethanolamine (DEA), and temperature. The sol-gel method is experimentally introduced to find out the better band-gap of TiO2 thin films by varying the concentration of TBOT (4 ml to 10 ml), DEA (2 ml to 5 ml), and temperature (350°C to 650°C). With the help of an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer for the wavelength of 300-900 nm, these thin films are characterized concerning optical properties (transmittance spectra, absorbance spectra, direct band-gap, and indirect band-gap). The direct and indirect band-gaps are found 3.38 eV and 3.25 eV respectively, which are close to or within the standard band-gap range of TiO2 (3.2 eV to 3.35 eV) and are found at 8 ml TBOT, 3 ml DEA, and a temperature of 550°C.
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