Increasing the Power Output of a PV Solar System by Using a Cooling-Reflector Assembly
There are various methods that can be employed to increase the lifespan and power output of photovoltaic (PV) systems. This study aims to increase the power output of a grid-connected PV system by using a water-cooling unit and solar reflectors. The PV modules of the current PV system are divided into two clusters. The first cluster, which is considered an improved cluster, has a solar reflector-cooling unit added to it, while the second cluster is used as a reference. The results show that the maximum efficiency and performance ratio values of the improved and reference PV modules at 10:30 AM are 14.7% & 13.7% and 97.5% & 91.2%, respectively. The maximum electrical power values of the improved and reference PV modules at 12:00 PM are 2.55 W and 1.69 W, respectively. The maximum gain value for electrical power is 43%.
R. Karmouch, et al., “Solar Cells Performance Reduction under the Effect of Dust in Jazan Region,” Journal of Fundamentals of Renewable Energy and Applications, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1-4, March 2017.
A. H Abedin, et al., “A Critical Review of Thermochemical Energy Storage Systems,” The Open Renewable Energy Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 42-46, August 2011.
M. Z. Jacobson, et al., “A Path to Sustainable Energy by 2030,” Scientific American, vol. 301, no. 5, pp. 58-65, November 2009.
A. N. Al-Shamani, et al., “Experimental Studies of Rectangular Tube Absorber Photovoltaic Thermal Collector with Various Types of Nanofluids under the Tropical Climate Conditions,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 124, pp. 528-542, September 2016.
H. K. Elminir, et al., “Effect of Dust on the Transparent Cover of Solar Collectors,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, no. 18-19, pp. 3192-3203, November 2006.
S. C. Seitel, “Collector Performance Enhancement with Flat Reflectors,” Solar Energy, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 291-295, November 1975.
H. Tabaei, et al., “Improving the Effectiveness of a Photovoltaic Water Pumping System by Using Booster Reflector and Cooling Array Surface by a Film of Water,” Iranian Journal of Science and Technology Transactions of Mechanical Engineering, vol. 39, no. M1, pp. 51-60, April 2015.
S. A. Zubeer, et al., “Experimental and Numerical Study of Low Concentration and Water-Cooling Effect on PV Module Performance,” Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 34, Article no. 102007, June 2022.
M. Pavlov, et al., “Experimental and Numerical Study of the Influence of String Mismatch on the Yield of PV Modules Augmented by Static Planar Reflectors,” IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 1686-1691, September 2015.
H. M. Bahaidarah, et al., “Experimental Evaluation of the Performance of a Photovoltaic Panel with Water Cooling,” IEEE 39th Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, pp. 2987-2991, June 2013.
S. Khaled, et al., “Numerical and Experimental Investigation for Hybrid Photovoltaic/Thermal Collector System in Duhok City,” Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 202-212, December 2020.
H. M. Bahaidarah, et al., “A Combined Optical, Thermal and Electrical Performance Study of a V-Trough PV System—Experimental and Analytical Investigations,” Energies, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 2803-2827, April 2015.
J. A. Duffie, et al., Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, Photovoltaics, and Wind, Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 2020.
E. Z. Ahmad, et al., “Outdoor Performance Evaluation of a Novel Photovoltaic Heat Sinks to Enhance Power Conversion Efficiency and Temperature Uniformity,” Case Studies in Thermal Engineering, vol. 31, Article no. 101811, March 2022.
C. S. Sangani, et al., “Experimental Evaluation of V-Trough (2 Suns) PV Concentrator System Using Commercial PV Modules,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 91, no. 6, pp. 453-459, March 2007.
A. N. Abed., “Performance Improvement of CIGS PV Solar Grid Tied System Using Planer Concentrators, Case Study: Baghdad,” Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Atmospheric Science, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 2020.
U. Yilmaz, et al., “Improved MPPT Method to Increase Accuracy and Speed in Photovoltaic Systems under Variable Atmospheric Conditions,” International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 113, pp. 634-651, December 2019.
L. C. de Lima, et al., “Performance Analysis of a Grid Connected Photovoltaic System in Northeastern Brazil,” Energy for Sustainable Development, vol. 37, pp. 79-85, April 2017.
A. N. Abed, et al., “Efficiency and Performance Improvement via Using Optical Reflectors of On-Grid CIGS PV Solar System,” Karbala International Journal of Modern Science, vol. 6, no. 1, Article no. 5, March 2020.
N. M. Kumar, et al., “Performance Analysis of 100 kWp Grid Connected Si-Poly Photovoltaic System Using PVsyst Simulation Tool,” Energy Procedia, vol. 117, pp. 180-189, June 2017.
K. Attari, et al., “Performance Analysis and Investigation of a Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Installation in Morocco,” Energy Reports, vol. 2, pp. 261-266, November 2016.
N. K. Kasim, et al., “Studying the Performance of Second-Generation PV Solar Technology under Baghdad Climate,” Research Journal in Advanced Sciences, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 37-48, October 2020.
A. M. Khalid, et al., “Performance Ratio—Crucial Parameter for Grid Connected PV Plants,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 65, pp. 1139-1158, November 2016.
T. Ozden, et al., “Long Term Outdoor Performances of Three Different On-Grid PV Arrays in Central Anatolia—An Extended Analysis,” Renewable Energy, vol. 101, pp. 182-195, February 2017.
N. M. Obaid, et al., “Performance Analyses of 15 kW Grid-Tied Photo Voltaic Solar System Type under Baghdad City Climate,” Journal of Engineering, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 21-32, March 2020.
V. Sharma, et al., “Performance Analysis of a 190 kWp Grid Interactive Solar Photovoltaic Power Plant in India,” Energy, vol. 55, pp. 476-485, June 2013.
N. M. Obaid, et al., “Performance Assessment of First Grid-Tied PV Solar System under Baghdad City Climate Condition,” Iraqi Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 63-71, October 2019.
M. S. Adaramola, et al., “Preliminary Assessment of a Small-Scale Rooftop PV-Grid Tied in Norwegian Climatic Conditions,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 90, pp. 458-465, January 2015.
H. Rezk, et al., “Energy Performance Analysis of On-Grid Solar Photovoltaic System—A Practical Case Study,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1292-1301, September 2019.
N. K. Kasim, et al., “Performance Analysis of Grid-Connected CIGS PV Solar System and Comparison with PVsyst Simulation Program,” International Journal of Smart Grid, vol. 3, pp. 172-179, December 2019.
Copyright (c) 2022 Naseer Kareem Kasim, Hazim Hamoud Hussain, Alaa Najem Abed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Oct. 01, 2015, PETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes