Robotic Control by Teleoperation and Delay Time Issues Using the Internet
Internet usage has become an essential part of our daily lives, it has become universal. The aim of this research is to consider existing Internet-based networks with regard to their support for the remote operation of robotic technology, in particular, looking at transmission speed and delay time as it relates to teleoperation. Currently dedicated connections are typically used when a high Quality of Service (QoS) is required for mission critical services or safety-critical systems (SCS), however such connections are very expensive to set up and maintain. Therefore, this study focuses on modifying existing internet networks in a manner to provide a better QoS with little additional cost. Using a number of microcontrollers, computers, and routers, two different protocols were used to control a robotic device remotely. Use of the Point-to-Point Tunnelling Protocol (PPTP) used for implementing a Virtual Private Network (VPN) was found to provide higher average transmission speeds compared to the using a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) which is a regular internet connection.
R. Cohen-Almagor, “Internet history,” International Journal of Technoethics, University of Hull, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 45-64, 2011.
B. M. Leiner, V. G. Cerf, D. D. Clark, R. E. Kahn, L. Kleinrock, D. C. Lynch, J. Postel, L. G. Roberts, and S. S. Wolff, “The past and future history of the internet,” Communications of the ACM, vol. 40, no. 2, February 1997.
N. Chivarov, Y. Paunski, V. Ivanova, V. Vladimirov, G. Angelov, D. Radev, and N. Shivarov, “Intelligent modular service mobile robot controllable via internet,” IFAC Proceedings Volumes, vol. 45, no. 10, 2012, pp. 149-153.
W. M. H. W. Kadira, R. E. Saminb, and B. S. K. Ibrahim, “Internet controlled robotic arm,” Sciverse ScienceDirect, Procedia Engineering, vol. 41, 2012, pp. 1065-1071.
R. Dhanabal, Bh. S. R. P. Varma, and V. Bharathi, “Remote access of FPGA robot via internet,” 2014 International Conference on Electronics and Communication System (ICECS 14), February 2014.
D. Portugal, S. Pereira, and M. S. Couceiro, “The role of security in human-robot shared environments: a case study in ROS-based surveillance robots,” 26th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN), August 2017
C. Xia, Y. Zhang, L. Wanga, S. Coleman, and Y. Liu, “Microservice-based cloud robotics system for intelligent space,” Robotics and Autonomous Systems, no. 110, pp. 139-150, October 2018.
A. A. Jaha, F. B. Shatwan, and M. Ashibani, “Proper virtual private network (VPN) solution,” IEEE Xplore, January 2009
A. Veglis, M. Leclercq, V. Quema, and J. B. Stefani, “PHP and SQL made simple,” IEEE Distributed Systems Online, vol. 6, no. 8, pp. 1541-4922, August 2005
H. Martínez-García, “Implementation of a remote laboratory for distance training in robotic applications,” IEEE 13th International Conference on Industrial Informatics (INDIN), July 2015.
S. H. Masovic, M. H. Saračević, P. Stanimirovic, and P. V. Krtolica, “Computing triangulations of the convex polygon PHP/MYSQL environment,” Series Mathematics Informatics, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 137-147, 2019.
O. Goldstain, I. Ben-Gal, and Y. Bukchin, “Remote learning for the manipulation and control of robotic cells,” European Journal of Engineering Education, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 481-494, August 2007.
S. H. Masovic, M. H. Saračević, P. Stanimirovic, P. V. Krtolica, and A. R. Gallon, “QoS-classifier for VPN and non-VPN traffic based on time-related features,” ScienceDirect, Computer Networks, vol. 144, pp. 271-279, October 2018.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Oct. 01, 2015, PETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes