Experimental Investigation into Mechanical Properties of Nanomaterial-reinforced Table Tennis Rubber


  • Yu-Fen Chen Office of Physical Education, National Formosa University, Yunlin, Taiwan
  • Jian-Hong Wu Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited, Hsinchu, Taiwan
  • Chen-Chih Huang Department of Sport, Health & Leisure, Wufeng University, Chiayi County, Taiwan


table tennis rubber, surface modification, carbon nanotube, zinc oxide, titanium oxide


A new table tennis rubber is prepared consisting of carbon nanotubes, zinc oxide and titanium oxide added to a mixture of natural and synthesized rubber. The Nano-reinforced rubber is attached to wooden table tennis blades and patterned with four different surface structures, namely flat, long pimples, short pimples and medium pimples. The results show that of the five rubbers, the Nano-reinforced rubber with a flat surface offers a significantly improved elastic and mechanical performance


N. R. Park, I. Y. Ko, J. M. Doh, W. Y. Kong, J. K. Yoon, and I. J. Shon, “Rapid consolidation of nanocrystalline 3Ni-Al2O3 composite from mechanically synthesized powders by High Freguency Inductiion Sintering,” Materials Characterization, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 227-282, March 2010.

R. Ritasalo, X. W. Liu, O. Soderberg. A. Keski-Honkola, V. Pitkanen, “The microstructural effects on the mechanical and thermal properties of pulsed electric current. sintered Cu-Al2O3 composites,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 10, pp. 124-129, 2011.

G. Z. Zhao, L. S. D. S. Zhang, X. Feng, S. Yuan, and J. Zhou, “Synergistic effect of nanobarite and carbon black fillers in natural rubber matrix,” Materials and design, vol. 35, pp. 847-853, March 2012.

M. Jayalakshmi, N. Venugopal, K. Phani Raja, and M. Mohan Rao, “Nano Sno2- Al2O3 mixed oxide and Sno2- Al2O3-carbon composite oxides as new and novel electrodes for supercapacitor applications,” Journal of Power sources, vol. 158, pp. 1538-1543, August 2006.

C. L. Arquimedes, V. C. Adilon, J. R. Isaias, M. Lilia, B. Carrillo, and Z. M. Elvira, “Synthesis of γ-Al2O3 nanopowder by the sol-gel method: Effect of different acid precursors on the superficial, morphological and structural properties,” Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 474-477, 2008.

X. P. Zhang and H. Wu, “An experimental Investigation into the influence of the speed and spin by ball of different diameters and weight,” Science and Racket Sports, London, pp. 206-208, 1998.

Y. Féry and L. Crognier, “On the tactical significance of game situations in anticipating ball trajectories in tennis,” Research quarterly for exercise and sport, vol. 72, no. 2, 2001.

M. Dicks, K. Davids, and C. Button, “Representative task designs for the study of perception and action in sport. International Journal of Sport Psychology,” vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 506-524, 2009.

R. A. Pinder, I. Renshaw, K. Davids, and H. Kerherve, “Principles for the use of ball projection machines in elite and developmental sport programs,” Sports Medicine, vol. 41, no. 10, pp. 793, 2011.

G. Tenenbaum, T. Sar-El, and M. Bar-Eli, “Anticipation of ball location in low and high-skill performers: a developmental perspective,” Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 117-128, October 2000.




How to Cite

Y.-F. Chen, J.-H. Wu, and C.-C. Huang, “Experimental Investigation into Mechanical Properties of Nanomaterial-reinforced Table Tennis Rubber”, Adv. technol. innov., vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 41–45, Oct. 2016.