Innovative Design of an Elliptical Trainer with Right Timing of the Foot Trajectory


  • Fu-Chen Chen Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kun Shan University, Tainan, Taiwan
  • Yih-Fong Tzeng Department of Mechatronics Engineering, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
  • Meng-Hui Hsu Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kun Shan University, Tainan, Taiwan



innovative design, mechanism design, kinematics, elliptical trainer


The existing elliptical trainer cannot provide the user with the real jogging exercising mode and does not meet the principles of ergonomics. The purpose of this paper is to propose and study an innovative elliptical trainer that imitates the right timing of the foot trajectory while jogging. First of all, this study proposes and illustrates the structure and function of the innovative elliptical trainer with quick-return effect. Then, by using vector-loop method and motion geometry of the mechanism, the proposed innovative mechanism is studied kinematically. A design example is presented for interpreting the design process. At last, the foot trajectory of the innovative elliptical trainer is analyzed and confirmed. The simulation results confirm that the timing of the foot trajectory of the foot support members satisfies the principles of ergonomics, and keeps the user’s legs from injury.


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How to Cite

F.-C. Chen, Y.-F. Tzeng, and M.-H. Hsu, “Innovative Design of an Elliptical Trainer with Right Timing of the Foot Trajectory”, Adv. technol. innov., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 190–201, Jul. 2020.