Design Philosophy for Buildings’ Comfort-Level Performance


  • Nanang Gunawan Wariyatno Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia; Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • Han Ay Lie Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Fu-Pei Hsiao National Center for Research on Earthquake Engineering, Tainan, Taiwan
  • Buntara Sthenly Gan Department of Architecture, College of Engineering, Nihon University, Koriyama, Japan



comfort-level, seismic intensity level (SIL), quantification, earthquake, design philosophy


The data reported by Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) show that the fatal casualties and severe injuries are due to heavy shaking during massive earthquakes. Current earthquake-resistant building standards do not include comfort-level performance. Hence, a new performance design philosophy is proposed in this research to evaluate the quantitative effect of earthquake-induced shaking in a building. The earthquake-induced response accelerations in a building are analysed, and the response accelerations related with the characteristic property of the building are used to evaluate the number of Seismic Intensity Level (SIL). To show the indispensability of the newly proposed comfort-level design philosophy, numerical simulations are conducted to evaluate the comfort level on different floors in a building. The results show that the evaluation of residents’ comfort levels should be considered in the current earthquake-resistant building design codes.


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How to Cite

N. G. . Wariyatno, H. A. . Lie, F.-P. . Hsiao, and B. S. Gan, “Design Philosophy for Buildings’ Comfort-Level Performance”, Adv. technol. innov., vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 157–168, May 2021.