Theoretical Investigation for the Influence of Various Parameters on the Performance of a Novel Concentration-Based Solar Desalination System
This study aims to investigate the influence of various parameters on the freshwater yield and efficiency of a novel concentration-based solar desalination system. The system performance under the summer and winter climatic conditions of Rabat city, Morocco is evaluated. The design parameters are glass cover thickness, absorber basin thickness, brackish water mass, and absorber basin material. The climatic parameters are wind velocity, ambient temperature, and solar radiation. Numerical studies on different system parameters are done by examining the effect of system component parameters on the system performance. Through the MATLAB code, the equations for the freshwater yield and efficiency of the new system are constructed and solved. The results show that the system gives the best performance with 6 mm glass cover thickness, 2 mm absorber basin thickness, and 40 kg brackish water mass.
R. Poblete, G. Salihoglu, and N. K. Salihoglu, “Investigation of the Factors Influencing the Efficiency of a Solar Still Combined with a Solar Collector,” Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 57, no. 60, pp. 29082-29091, 2016.
H. Panchal, P. Patel, N. Patel, and H. Thakkar, “Performance Analysis of Solar Still with Different Energy-Absorbing Materials,” International Journal Ambient Energy, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 224-228, 2017.
A. A. Azooz and G. G. Younis, “Effect of Glass Inclination Angle on Solar Still Performance,” Journal of Renewable Sustainable Energy, vol. 8, no. 3, 033702, May 2016.
A. Al-Othman, N. N. Darwish, M. Qasim, M. Tawalbeh, N. A. Darwish, and N. Hilal, “Nuclear Desalination: A State-of-the-Art Review,” Desalination, vol. 457, pp. 39-61, May 2019.
M. Tawalbeh, A. Al-Othman, K. Singh, I. Douba, D. Kabakebji, and M. Alkasrawi, “Microbial Desalination Cells for Water Purification and Power Generation: A Critical Review,” Energy, vol. 209, 118493, October 2020.
B. T. Nguyen, “Factors Affecting the Yield of Solar Distillation Systems and Measures to Improve Productivities,” https://www.intechopen.com/chapters/61068, November 2018.
S. M. Younis, M. H. El-Shakweer, M. M. El-Danasary, A. A. Gharieb, and R. I. Mourad, “Effect of Some Factors on Water Distillation by Solar Energy,” Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 586-599, April 2010.
M. Bouzaid, M. Oubrek, O. Ansari, A Sabri, and M. Taha-Janan, “Mathematical Analysis of a New Design for Cascade Solar Still,” Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 15-32, 2016.
J. S. Gawande and L. B. Bhuyar, “Effect of Shape of the Absorber Surface on the Performance of Stepped Type Solar Still,” Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 489-497, October 2013.
M. K. Islam, M. Hasanuzzaman, and N. A. Rahim, “Modelling and Analysis of the Effect of Different Parameters on a Parabolic-Trough Concentrating Solar System,” RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 46, pp. 36540-36546, 2015.
H. N. Panchal and S. Patel, “Effect of Various Parameters on Augmentation of Distillate Output of Solar Still: A Review,” Technology and Economics of Smart Grids and Sustainable Energy, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2016.
R. Senthil, A. Chezian, and Z. H. A. Arsath, “Heat Transfer Augmentation of Concentrated Solar Absorber Using Modified Surface Contour,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 24-33, January 2021.
A. Hoque, A. H. Abir, and K. P. Shourov, “Solar Still for Saline Water Desalination for Low-Income Coastal Areas,” Applied Water Science, vol. 9, no. 104, pp. 1-8, May 2019.
H. R. Goshayeshi and M. R. Safaei, “Effect of Absorber Plate Surface Shape and Glass Cover Inclination Angle on the Performance of a Passive Solar Still,” International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, vol. 30, no. 6, pp. 3183-3198, 2020.
A. Al-Othman, M. Tawalbeh, M. E. H. Assad, T. Alkayyali, and A. Eisa, “Novel Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Desalination Plant Driven by Parabolic Trough Collectors and a Solar Pond: A Simulation Study in UAE,” Desalination, vol. 443, pp. 237-244, October 2018.
M. Tawalbeh, A. Al-Othman, N. Abdelwahab, A. H. Alami, and A. G. Olabi, “Recent Developments in Pressure Retarded Osmosis for Desalination and Power Generation,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 138, 110492, March 2021.
M. Mohammed and T. J. Mourad, “Theoretical Analysis of a New Design of a Concentration Based Solar Distiller,” E3S Web of Conferences, vol. 234, 00003, 2021.
M. Mohammed and T. J. Mourad, “The Effect of Parabolic Trough Concentrator Technology and the Water Mass difference on a New Design of Solar Distiller Performance,” International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1-10, March 2021.
M. Mohammed and T. J. Mourad, “Development of Solar Desalination Units Using Solar Concentrators or/and Internal Reflectors,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 45-61, January 2022.
M. Bouzaid, O. Ansari, M. Taha-Janan, and M. Oubrek, “Experimental and Theoretical Analysis of a Novel Cascade Solar Desalination Still,” Fluid Dynamics and Materials Processing, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 177-200, 2018.
Y. Sarray, N. Hidouri, A. Mchirgui, and A. B. Brahim, “Study of Heat and Mass Transfer Phenomena and Entropy Rate of Humid Air Inside a Passive Solar Still,” Desalination, vol. 409, pp. 80-95, May 2017.
H. A. Zoori, F. F. Tabrizi, F. Sarhaddi, and F. Heshmatnezhad, “Comparison between Energy and Exergy Efficiencies in a Weir Type Cascade Solar Still,” Desalination, vol. 325, pp. 113-121, September 2013.
Weather Spark website, “January 15 Weather in Rabat,” https://weatherspark.com/d/33170/1/15/Average-Weather-on-January-15-in-Rabat-Morocco, 2021.
Weather Spark website, “July 15 Weather in Rabat,” https://weatherspark.com/d/33170/7/15/Average-Weather-on-July-15-in-Rabat-Morocco, 2021.
Copyright (c) 2022 Mokhtar Mohammed, Mourad Taha Janan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright of their article with no restrictions.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, AITI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.