Effects of Data Standardization on Hyperparameter Optimization with the Grid Search Algorithm Based on Deep Learning: A Case Study of Electric Load Forecasting
This study investigates data standardization methods based on the grid search (GS) algorithm for energy load forecasting, including zero-mean, min-max, max, decimal, sigmoid, softmax, median, and robust, to determine the hyperparameters of deep learning (DL) models. The considered DL models are the convolutional neural network (CNN) and long short-term memory network (LSTMN). The procedure is made over (i) setting the configuration for CNN and LSTMN, (ii) establishing the hyperparameter values of CNN and LSTMN models based on epoch, batch, optimizer, dropout, filters, and kernel, (iii) using eight data standardization methods to standardize the input data, and (iv) using the GS algorithm to search the optimal hyperparameters based on the mean absolute error (MAE) and mean absolute percent error (MAPE) indexes. The effectiveness of the proposed method is verified on the power load data of the Australian state of Queensland and Vietnamese Ho Chi Minh city. The simulation results show that the proposed data standardization methods are appropriate, except for the zero-mean and min-max methods.
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