Mapping and Change Assessment of Captive Limestone Mining Areas Using Landsat-5/8 Images
Keywords:change assessment, limestone mine, remote sensing, spectral indices
Limestone is a non-metallic mineral extensively used in cement manufacturing and construction sector. Extensive mineral mining processes impact the environment. The study aims to map and evaluate the limestone mining area change at the Yerraguntla industrial zone in the YSR district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and modified soil-adjusted vegetation index (MSAVI) are computed from the Landsat-5/8 images using Quantum GIS (QGIS) software. Experimental results show that the limestone mining area increases from 307 ha to 469.92 ha during 2005-2019. NDVI method is more effective than MSAVI in change assessment of limestone mining areas with overall accuracy of 87.75 % and 79.49 % and kappa coefficient of 0.89 and 0.62 respectively in 2019. The finding is compared with industry field survey reports (487.10 ha). This study contributes to the limestone mining industry management in developing a land-environmental management plan for the long-term sustainability of limestone mining.
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