A critical review into the evolution of Japanese Project Management: A comparative approach
Keywords:P2M, KPM, PMBOK, comparison
The success or failure of a company relies on how a particular project is managed, and the proper use of project management improves management performance. This article emphasizes the importance of discovering more about project management with the help of two globally renowned project management methods, namely the United States (US) method (Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)) and the Japanese method (Project & Program Management (P2M) and Kaikaku (reform) Project Management (KPM)). The objectives of this article are (a) to identify the features and essence of P2M/KPM; and (b) to compare them with those of PMBOK. Features and essence of P2M/KPM are innovative reformations, value creation, flexibility, mission-driven approach, 3K- kakusin (innovation), kaizen (improvement) and kaihatsu (development) and 3S- scheme, system and service project models. The comparative results show that PMBOK and P2M/KPM both have different philosophies in terms of scope, managerial approach and problem-solving methods. Identifying suitable criteria will provoke interest in organizations to implement the most suitable method in their project management processes.
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