Hybrid Speed Controller Design Based on Sliding Mode Controller Performance Study for Vector Controlled Induction Motor Drives

  • Abdülhamit Nurettin Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale, Turkey
  • Nihat İnanç Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Kırıkkale University, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Keywords: sliding mode control, hybrid controller, induction motor, Matlab/Simulink

Abstract

The discontinuous control of the sliding mode control (SMC) law causes chattering phenomenon in system trajectories (the oscillation around the desired value), which results in various unwanted effects such as current harmonics and torque ripples. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the performance of a sliding mode speed controller for a three-phase induction motor (IM) controlled by a rotor flux orientation technique to obtain optimum performance. The study results show that the experimental control gains found in the control law have a clear effect on limiting chattering and the system response speed. According to the study results, a hybrid controller is designed based on the fuzzy logic control (FLC) approach to optimally tune these gains. The designed hybrid controller is verified by experimental approximation of simulations using Matlab/Simulink. The simulation results show that the hybrid controller reduces the chattering phenomenon and improves the system’s dynamic performance.

References

A. E. Fitzgerald, C. U. Kingsley, and S. D. Umans, Electric Machinery, 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1990.

W. Leonhard, “Controlled AC Drives, a Successful Transition from Ideas to Industrial Practice,” Control Engineering Practice, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 897-908, July 1996.

R. Krishnan, Electric Motors Drives: Modeling, Analysis, and Control, Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2002.

F. Blaschke, “The Principle of Field Orientation as Applied to the New Transvector Closed-Loop System for Rotating-Field Machines,” Siemens Review, vol. 34, no. 3, pp. 217-220, 1972.

Y. Zhang, Z. Jiang, and X. Yu, “Indirect Field-Oriented Control of Induction Machines Based on Synergetic Control Theory,” IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting—Conversion and Delivery of Electrical Energy in the 21st Century, July 2008, pp. 1-7.

Z. Guo, J. Zhang, Z. Sun, and C. Zheng, “Indirect Field Oriented Control of Three-Phase Induction Motor Based on Current-Source Inverter,” Procedia Engineering, vol. 174, pp. 588-594, 2017.

B. S. Naik, “Comparison of Direct and Indirect Vector Control of Induction Motor,” International Journal of New Technologies in Science and Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 110-131, January 2014.

M. J. Vallabhai, P. Swarnkar, and D. M. Deshpande, “PI Control Based Vector Control Strategy for Induction Motor Drive,” International Journal of Electronics Communication and Computer Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 328-335, March 2012.

R. Gunabalan and V. Subbiah, “Speed Sensorless Vector Control of Induction Motor Drive with PI and Fuzzy Controller,” International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 315-325, 2015.

V. Utkin, “Variable Structure Systems with Sliding Modes,” IEEE Transaction on Automatic Control, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 212- 222, April 1977.

B. N. Kar, S. Choudhury, K. B. Mohanty, and M. Singh, “Indirect Vector Control of Induction Motor Using Sliding-Mode Controller,” International Conference on Sustainable Energy and Intelligent Systems, July 2011, pp. 507-511.

F. A. Patakor, M. Sulaiman, and Z. Ibrahim, “Sliding Mode Speed Control for Induction Motor Drives with State-Dependent Gain Method,” International Review of Electrical Engineering, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 1446-1453, 2013.

K. Zeb, A. Haider, W. Uddin, M. B. Qureshi, C. A. Mehmood, A. Jazlan, et al., “Indirect Vector Control of Induction Motor Using Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller,” Australian Control Conference, November 2016, pp. 358-363.

C. M. Oliveira, M. L. Aguiar, J. R. Monteiro, W. C. Pereira, G. T. Paula, and T. E. Almeida, “Vector Control of Induction Motor Using an Integral Sliding Mode Controller with Anti-Windup,” Journal of Control, Automation, and Electrical Systems, vol. 27, no. 2, pp.169-178, April 2016.

Y. C. Liu, S. Laghrouche, A. N’Diaye, and M. Cirrincione, “Hermite Neural Network-Based Second-Order Sliding-Mode Control of Synchronous Reluctance Motor Drive Systems,” Journal of the Franklin Institute, vol. 358, no. 1, pp. 400-427, January 2021.

M. Elsisi and H. Abdelfattah, “New Design of Variable Structure Control Based on Lightning Search Algorithm for Nuclear Reactor Power System Considering Load-Following Operation,” Nuclear Engineering and Technology, vol. 52, no. 3, pp. 544-551, March 2020.

M. Elsisi, “New Variable Structure Control Based on Different Meta-Heuristics Algorithms for Frequency Regulation Considering Nonlinearities Effects,” International Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems, vol. 30, no. 7, e12428, July 2020.

Y. Yang, Y. Chen, Y. Chu, Y. Wang, and Q. Liang, “Fractional Order Adaptive Sliding Mode Controller for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,” Chinese Control Conference, July 2016, pp. 3412-3416.

E. Zaidi, K. Marouani, H. Bouadi, A. E. Kassel, L. Bentouhami, and E. Merabet, “Fuzzy Sliding Mode Method for Speed Regulation of a Dual Star Induction Machine Drive Fed by Multi-Level Inverters,” International Conference on Applied Smart Systems, November 2018, pp. 3412-3416.

N. Ettalabi, M. Bouzi, B. Bossoufi, K. Anoune, and E. Mouncef, “Fuzzy-Sliding Mode Speed Control of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor Using NPC Converter,” International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 1649-1657, 2020.

K. M. A. Prasad and U. Nair, “Intelligent Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller Based on FPGA for the Speed Control of a BLDC Motor,” International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive System, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 477-486, March 2020.

S. Y. Chen, H. H. Chiang, T. S. Liu, and C. H. Chang, “Precision Motion Control of Permanent Magnet Linear Synchronous Motors Using Adaptive Fuzzy Fractional-Order Sliding-Mode Control,” IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 741-752, April 2019.

L. Yipeng, L. Jie, Z. Fengge, and Z. Ming, “Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control of Magnetic Levitation System of Controllable Excitation Linear Synchronous Motor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 56, no. 5, pp. 5585-5592, September-October 2020.

H. Ahmed and A. Rajoriya, “A Hybrid of Sliding Mode Control and Fuzzy Logic Control Using a Fuzzy Supervisory Switched System for DC Motor Speed Control,” Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, vol. 25, no. 3, pp. 1993-2004, 2017.

N. Layadi, A. Djerioui, S. Zeghlache, A. Houari, M. F. Benkhoris, and F. Berrabah, “A Hybrid Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller for a Double Star Induction Machine,” International Conference on Communications and Electrical Engineering, December 2018, pp. 1-6.

Published
2021-07-19
How to Cite
Nurettin, A., & İnanç, N. (2021). Hybrid Speed Controller Design Based on Sliding Mode Controller Performance Study for Vector Controlled Induction Motor Drives. Proceedings of Engineering and Technology Innovation. https://doi.org/10.46604/peti.2021.7717
Section
Articles