Performance of Steel-Concrete Shear Walls with Two-Sided Reinforced Concrete

  • Alireza Bahrami Department of Civil Engineering, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadan, Iran
  • Mojtaba Yavari Department of Civil Engineering, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Abadan, Iran
Keywords: steel-concrete shear wall, cyclic load, finite element method, concrete thickness

Abstract

This paper deals with the performance of Steel-Concrete Shear Walls (SCSWs) which have reinforced concrete on both sides of the steel plate subjected to cyclic loads. Finite element software ABAQUS is applied to analyze the SCSWs. Accuracy of the finite element modeling is verified by comparison of the theoretical results with those obtained experimentally. Then, various variables are studied in order to evaluate their effects on the performance of the SCSWs. These variables include thickness of concrete, steel plate thickness, number of bolts, gap size between reinforced concrete and steel frame, the percentage of reinforcement in reinforced concrete, and beam and column profiles of the steel frame. It is concluded that the change of the variables influences the ultimate load capacity, ductility, and energy dissipation of the SCSWs. Moreover, buckling of the walls is discussed.

References

Y. Takanashi, T. Takemoto, and M. Tagaki, “Experimental study on thin steel shear walls and particular bracing under alternative horizontal load,” Report IABSE Lisbon Portugal, vol. 13, pp. 31-40, 1973.

P. A. Timler and G. L. Kulak, “Experimental study of steel plate shear walls,” Department of Civil Engineering, University of Alberta, 1983.

G. L. Kulak, “Unstiffened steel plate shear walls, chapter 9 of structures subjected to repeated loading-stability and strength,” R. Narayanan and T.M. Roberts, Editors, Elsevier applied science publications, London, pp. 237-276, 1991.

R. G. Driver, G. L. Kulak, D. J. L. Kennedy, and A. E. Elwi, “Cyclic test of four-story steel plate shear wall,” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 124, pp. 112-120, 1998.

Q. H. Zhao and A. Astaneh-Asl, “Cyclic behavior of traditional and innovative composite shear wall,” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 130, pp. 271-284, 2004.

A. Arabzadeh, M. Soltani, and A. Ayazi, “Experimental investigation of composite shear walls under shear loadings,” Journal of Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 49, pp. 842-854, 2011.

S. Sabouri-Ghomi and R. Sajjadi, “Experimental and theoretical studies of steel shear walls with and without stiffeners,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 75, pp. 152-159, 2012.

A. K. Bhowmick, G. Y. Grondin, and R. G. Driver, “Nonlinear seismic analysis of perforated steel plate shear walls,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 94, pp. 103-113, 2014.

Z. Guo and Y. Yuan, “Experimental study of steel plate composite shear wall units under cyclic load,” International Journal of Steel Structures, vol. 15, pp. 515-525, 2015.

R. Rahnavard, A. Hassanipour, and A. Mounesi, “Numerical study on important parameters of composite steel-concrete shear walls,” Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 121, pp. 441-456, 2016.

K. Benyamin, M. Gholhaki, A. Kheyroddin, and M. Kioumarsi, “Analytical study of building height effects over steel plate shear wall behavior,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, vol. 6, pp. 255-263, 2016.

T. Hao, W. Cao, Q. Qia, Y. Liu, and W. Zheng, “Structural performance of composite shear walls under compression,” Applied Sciences, vol. 7, no. 2, 2017.

W. Wang, Y. Wang, and Z. Lu, “Experimental study on seismic behavior of steel plate reinforced concrete composite shear wall,” Engineering Structures, vol. 160, pp. 281-292, 2018.

ABAQUS. ABAQUS/Standard version 6.8. Pawtucket, Rhode Island, Hibbitt, Karlsson, and Sorenson Inc., 2008.

D. J. Carreira and K. H. Chu, “Stress-strain relationship for plain concrete in compression,” ACI Structural Journal, vol. 82, pp. 797-804, 1985.

A. Ucak and P. Tsopelas, “Constitutive model for cyclic response of structural steels with yield plateau,” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 137, pp. 195-206, 2011.

M. Naghavi, R. Rahnavard, R. J. Thomas, and M. Malekinejad, “Numerical evaluation of hysteretic behavior of CBF and BRB systems,” Journal of Building Engineering, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.12.023, 2018.

R. Rahnavard, A. Hassanipour, M. Suleiman, and A. Mokhtari, “Evaluation on eccentrically braced frame with single and double shear panel,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 10, pp. 13-25, 2017.

R. Rahnavard, M. Naghavi, M. Abudi, and M. Suleiman, “Investigating modeling approaches of buckling-restrained braces under cyclic loads,” Case Studies in Construction Materials, vol. 8, pp. 476-488, 2018.

ATC-24, “Guidelines for seismic testing of components of steel structure,” Report 24, Applied Technology Council. Redwood City: CA, 1992.

Published
2019-05-20
How to Cite
Bahrami, A., & Yavari, M. (2019). Performance of Steel-Concrete Shear Walls with Two-Sided Reinforced Concrete. International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation, 9(3), 228-239. Retrieved from http://ojs.imeti.org/index.php/IJETI/article/view/3431
Section
Articles