A New Method for Fault Current Limiting and Voltage Compensating in Power Systems Using Active Superconducting Current Controller
In this paper, a new method for both fault current limiting and voltage compensating using Active Superconducting Current Controller (ASCC) is proposed. The main objective of this paper is to present an appropriate control strategy for ASCC to achieve both the fault current limiting and voltage compensation purposes. Three different operating modes are defined for ASCC including normal mode, fault current limiting mode, and voltage compensation mode and a proper control strategy is designed for each mode. For the fault current limiting, the model of a typical three-phase system with ASCC is simulated and different states for current limiting in different levels are defined. Also, for the voltage compensating mode, the PI model for the line is considered and the line transmission matrix is obtained when the ASCC is connected at the sending end and middle of the line. Finally, proper settings for ASCC are determined such that the magnitude of the receiving end and the sending end voltages become equal. Simulation results using MATLAB software confirm the proper performance of the proposed method.
M. Song, Y. Tang, Y. Zhou, L. Ren, L. Chen, and S. Cheng, “Electromagnetic characteristics analysis of air core transformer used in voltage compensation type active SFCL,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 1194-1198, June 2010.
Z. Zheng, X. Xiao, C. Huang, and C. Li, “Enhancing transient voltage quality in a distribution power system with SMES-Based DVR and SFCL,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 1-5, March 2019.
W. Wang, S. Jazebi, F. León, and Z. Li, “Looping radial distribution systems using superconducting fault current limiters: feasibility and economic analysis,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 2486-2495, May 2018.
L. Liang, Z. Yan, X. Nie, Y. Hu, K. Luo, and Y. Wang, “Experiment of current limiting behavior based on air-core superconducting transformer and inductor-capacitor series resonant imiter,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 1-4, March 2019.
T. H. Han, S. C. Ko, and S. H. Lim, “Fault current limiting characteristics of transformer-type superconducting fault current limiter due to winding direction of additional circuit,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1823-1826, April 2018.
Y. Mo, D. Jiang, and Z. Wu, “Study of the three-phase saturated transformer coupling new bridge-type SSFCL,” International Transaction on Electrical Energy System, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 477-491, April 2014.
J. R. Prigmore, J. A. Mendoza, and G. G. Karady, “Comparison of four different types of ferromagnetic materials for fault current limiter applications,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 1491-1498, July 2013.
F. Moriconi, F. D. Rosa, F. Darmann, A. Nelson, and L. Masur, “Development and deployment of saturated-core fault current limiters in distribution and transmission substations,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1288-1293, June 2011.
J. Shi, M. Liao, X. Zhou, Z. Xia, and L. Zhang, “Integrated control method for the active superconducting current controller,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 1-6, March 2019.
B. Li, F. Jing, B. Li, X. Chen, and J. Jia, “Study of the application of active saturated iron-core superconductive fault current limiters in the VSC-HVDC system,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 1-6, June 2018.
J. Wang, L. Zhou, J. Shi, and Y. Tang, “Experimental investigation of an active superconducting current controller,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 1258-1262, June 2011.
A. Ghafari, M. Razaz, S. G. Seifossadat, and S. S. Mortazavi, “Analysis of active SFCL by design of control strategies for fault detection and PWM converter and protection coordination with distance relay,” Majlesi Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 39-46, December 2012.
A. Ghafari, M. Hosseinzadeh, and O. Rahat, “Analysis of an active superconducting current controller (ASCC) considering the transient stability and OCR operation in transmission and distribution systems,” Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology (JEET), vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 709-718, May 2016.
A. Ghafari, M. Razaz, S. G. Seifossadat, and M. Hosseinzadeh, “Protective coordination of main and back-up overcurrent relays with different operating modes of active super-conducting current controller,” Maejo International Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 319-333, December 2014.
L. Chen, J. Tang, J. Shi, and Z. Sun, “Simulations and experimental analyses of the active superconducting fault current limiter,” Physica C, vol. 459, no. 2, pp. 27-32, August 2007.
L. Chen, Y. Tang, J. Shi, Z. Li, L. Ren, and S. Cheng, “Control strategy for three-phase four-wire PWM converter of integrated voltage compensation type active SFCL,” Physica C, vol. 470, no. 3, pp. 231-235, February 2010.
O. Naeckel and M. Noe, “Design and test of an air coil superconducting fault current limiter demonstrator,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1-5, June 2014.
L. Miguel, D. Castro, F. Guillen, and F. Trillaud, “On short-circuit current calculations including superconducting fault current limiters(SCFCLs),” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 2513-2523, October 2018.
T. Ghanbari and E. Farjah, “A multiagent-based fault-current limiting scheme for the microgrids,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 525-533, April 2014.
K. Jennifer, A. Ibrahim, E. Abdullah, and B. Graeme, “Evaluating the impact of superconducting fault current limiters on distribution network protection schemes,” Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), IEEE Press, September 2011, pp. 5-8.
L. Ye, L. Lin, and K. P. Juengst, “Application studies of superconducting fault current limiters in electric power system,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 900-903, March 2002.
B. W. Lee, J. Sim, K. B. Park, and I. S. Oh, “Practical application issues of superconducting fault current limiters for electric power systems,” IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 620-623, June 2008.
Copyright (c) 2020 Ahmad Ghafari, Mohsen Saniei, Morteza Razaz, Alireza Saffarian
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.