Improving the Weldability of Nickel-Based Superalloy by High Frequency Vibration

  • Ti-Yuan Wu
  • Ming-Tzer Lin
  • Weite Wu


The objective of this paper is to discuss the weldability of Mar-M-004 nickel-based alloy by simultaneous proceeding vibration. Three kinds of vibration modes were chosen to compare the results, including high frequency vibration, subresonant and without vibration. We used x-ray diffraction (XRD) to quantize the residual stress of each sample, also the microstructure and crystal structure were investigated by using optical microscopes.

The results showed that the grain size will get refined after vibration welding, especially in high frequency vibration. From XRD and microstructure results, by using the high frequency vibration method, there has a significant effect of having lowest residual stress and lowest stress relaxation; furthermore, the formation of cracks was also inhibited and having the shortest crack length.


S. Kou, Welding metallurgy, 2nd Ed., A John Wiey & Sons,Inc., New Jersey, pp. 263-300, 2003.

M. H. Haafkens and G. H. Matthey, “A new approach to the weldability of nickel-base as-cast and powder metallurgy superalloys,” Welding Journal, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 25-30, 1982.

C. A. Walker, A. J. Waddell, and D. J. Johnston, “Vibratory stress relief – an investigation of the underlying process,” Process Institution Mechanical Engineers, vol. 209, pp. 51-58, 1995.

S. Weiss and S. Baker, “Vibrational residual stress relief in a plain carbon steel weldment,” Welding Journal, vol. 55, 1976.

M. Lax, “Stress relief technology”, Bonal Technology, lnc, 1986.

W. Wu, “Method for relieving residual stress in an object,” US 2009 /0049912 Al, 2009

How to Cite
Wu, T.-Y., Lin, M.-T., & Wu, W. (2016). Improving the Weldability of Nickel-Based Superalloy by High Frequency Vibration. Proceedings of Engineering and Technology Innovation, 4, 13-15. Retrieved from