Electronically Tunable Voltage-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator with Low Output Impedance Nodes Employing VD-DIBAs
Keywords:VD-DIBA, multiphase sinusoidal oscillator, voltage mode, odd-phase system
The multiphase sinusoidal oscillator (MSO) is useful for various electrical and electronic applications. This study aims to design an MSO employing voltage differencing differential input buffered amplifiers (VD-DIBAs). The design procedure is based on cascading the first-order low-pass filter. Each phase consists of a VD-DIBA, two resistors, and a grounded capacitor. An odd-phase system without requiring an additional amplifier. The frequency is electronically controlled through the bias current without affecting the condition. The sinewave amplitudes and the phase difference between each waveform are identical. The proposed MSO is designed to obtain three-phase waveforms (n = 3). PSPICE simulation demonstrates the performance of the proposed oscillator with 0.18 μm TSMC CMOS parameters with ±0.9 V power supply. The feasibility of the proposed MSO is also verified with experiments using the VD-DIBA constructed from commercial integrated circuits (ICs) with a ±5 V power supply. The simulated and experimental results align with theoretical predictions.
V. P. Ramamurti and B. Ramaswami, “A Novel Three-Phase Reference Sinewave Generator for PWM Invertors,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. IE-29, no. 3, pp. 235-240, August 1982.
W. Jaikla and P. Prommee, “Electronically Tunable Current-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Employing CCCDTA-Based All Pass Lters with Only Grounded Passive Elements,” Radioengineering, vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 594-599, September 2011.
W. Tangsrirat, W. Tanjaroen, and T. Pukkalanun, “Current-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Using CDTA-Based Allpass Sections,” AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 63, no. 7, pp. 616-622, July 2009.
P. Gupta and R. Pandey, “Dual Output Voltage Differencing Buffered Amplifier Based Active -C Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator,” International Journal of Engineering, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 1438-1444, June 2021.
S. J. G. Gift, “The Application of All-Pass Filters in the Design of Multiphase Sinusoidal Systems,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 31, no.1, pp. 9-13, January 2000.
C. Psychalinos, K. Roumelioti, F. A. Khanday, and N. A. Shah, “1.2 V Sinh-Domain Allpass Filter,” International Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 22-35, January 2015.
P. Prommee, M. Somdunyakanok, and K. Angkeaw, “CCCII-Based Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Employing High-Pass Sections,” 6th International Conference on Electrical Engineering/Electronics, Computer, Telecommunications and Information Technology, vol. 2, pp. 530-533, May 2009.
P. Thongdit, T. Kunto, and P. Prommee, “OTA High Pass Filter-Based Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator,” 2015 38th International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), article no. 7296390, July 2015.
M. Panagopoulou, C. Psychalinos, F. A. Khanday, and N. A. Shah, “Sinh-Domain Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator,” Microelectronics Journal, vol. 44, no. 9, pp. 834-839, September 2013.
S. J. G. Gift, “Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Using Inverting-Mode Operational Amplifiers,” IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 986-991, August 1998.
D. S. Wu, S. I. Liu, Y. S. Hwang, and Y. P. Wu, “Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Using Second-Generation Current Conveyors,” International Journal of Electronics, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 645-651, 1995.
S. J. G. Gift and B. Maundyb, “An Improved Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Using Current Feedback Amplifiers,” International Journal of Electronics Letters, vol. 4, no. 2, pp.177-187, 2016.
P. Prommee, N. Manositthichai, and F. Khateb, “Active-Only Variable-Gain Low-Pass Filter for Dual-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Application,” Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 4326-4340, 2017.
M. T. Abuelmaatti and M. A. Al-Qahtani, “A New Current-Controlled Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Using Translinear Current Conveyors,” IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Analog and Digital Signal Processing, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 881-885, July 1998.
M. Sagbas, U. Engin Ayten, N. Herencsar, and S. Minaei, “Voltage-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillators Using CBTAs,” 35th International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP), pp. 421-425, July 2012.
Y. Xi and L. Peng, “Design of Multilphase Sinusoidal Oscillator Based on FTFN,” in: J. Zhou, (eds) Complex Sciences. Complex 2009. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering, vol. 5, Berlin Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
G. Skotis and C. Psychalinos, “Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillators Using Current Feedback Operational Amplifiers,” International Conference on Microelectronics - ICM, pp. 86-89, December 2009.
S. Tuntrakool, M. Kumngern, and W. Jaikla, “VDDDAs-Based Voltage-Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillator,” Proceedings of the 4th IIAE International Conference on Industrial Application Engineering, pp. 104-108, 2016.
M. Sagbas, U. E. Ayten, N. Herencsar, and S. Minaei, “Current and Voltage Mode Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillators Using CBTAs,” Radioengineering, vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 24-33, April 2013.
D. Biolek and V. Biolkova, “First-Order Voltage-Mode All-Pass Filter Employing One Active Element and One Grounded Capacitor,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 123-129, October 2010.
W. Jaikla, S. Bunrueangsak, F. Khateb, T. Kulej, P. Suwanjan, and P. Supavarasuwat, “Inductance Simulators and Their Application to the 4th Order Elliptic Lowpass Ladder Filter Using CMOS VD-DIBAs,” Electronics, vol. 10, no. 6, article no. 684, March 2021.
C. Hou and B. Shen, “Second-Generation Current Conveyor-Based Multiphase Sinusoidal Oscillators,” International Journal of Electronics, vol. 78, no. 2, pp. 317-325, 1995.
D. Duangmalai and P. Suwanjan, “The Voltage-Mode First Order Universal Filter Using Single Voltage Differencing Differential Input Buffered Amplifier with Electronic Controllability,” International Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (IJECE), vol.12, no. 2, pp. 1308-1323, April 2022.
T. K. Paul and R. R. Pal, “New Electronically Tunable Third Order Filters and Dual Mode Sinusoidal Oscillator Using VDTAs and Grounded Capacitors,” Advances in Technology Innovation, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 262-281, October 2021.
“3WK16341, Optocouplers with a Photoresistor,” http://www.tesla-blatna.cz/_soubory/optocoupler-optron.pdf
J. Bajer, A. Lahiri, and D. Biolek, “Current-Mode CCII+ Based Oscillator Circuits Using a Conventional and a Modified Wien-Bridge with All Capacitors Grounded,” Radioengineering, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 245-251, April 2011.
V. Biolkova, J. Bajer, and D. Biolek, “Four-Phase Oscillators Employing Two Active Elements,” Radioengineering, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 334-339, April 2011.
B. Kaplan and D. Kottick, “Use of a Three-Phase Oscillator Model for the Compact Representation of Synchronous Generators,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 1480-1486, May 1983.
“LM13700 Dual Transconductance Amplifier with Linearizing Diodes and Buffers,” https://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm13700.pdf, November 2015.
“AD830 - High Speed Video Difference Amplifier,” https://www.analog.com/media/en/technical-documentation/data-sheets/ad830.pdf, September 09, 2021.
How to Cite
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.