Theoretical Determination of Temperature Field in Orthogonal Machining


  • Ojolo S. Joshua
  • Ismail S. Oluwarotimi
  • Yusuf O. Tolu


temperature, machining variables, orthogonal machining


In this work, mathematical models were developed to simulate the thermal behaviour of a cutting tool insert in three-dimensional dry machining. Models to determine the temperature rise at the shear plane and tool insert in orthogonal cutting were developed, simulated and validated. The effects of various machining parameters/variables such as specific heat of material of 4400J/kg, Depth of cut (t) of 0.0003m, Density of 7870kg/m3, Width of cut (b) of 0.005m, Chip thickness ratio (rt) of 0.42, Tool rake angle of 100, Cutting Velocity (V) of 35m/min and Shear force (Fs) of 1257.6N on temperature rise were well analyzed.


J. C. Jaeger, “Moving sources of heat and the temperatures at sliding contacts, ” Proceedings Royal Society of NSW, Aug. 1942, pp. 203–224.

R. Radulescu and S. G. Kapoor, “An analytical model for prediction of tool temperature fields during continuous and interrupted cutting,” Transactions of the ASME, Journal of Engineering for Industry, vol. 116, pp. 135-143, 1994.

A. O. Tay, M. G. Stevenson and G. De Vahl Davis, “Using the finite element method to determine temperature distributions in orthogonal machining,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 627–638, Mar. 1974.

R. Y. Chiou, J. S. Chen, Lin Lu, and Ian Cole, “Prediction of heat transfer behavior of carbide insert with embedded heat pipes for dry machining,” Proceedings of IMECE, 2002.

A. O. Bareggi, G. E. Donnell, and A. Torrance, “ Modelling thermal effects in machining by finite element methods,’’ Proceedings of the 24th International Manufacturing Conference, Waterfall, vol. 1, pp. 263-272, Aug. 2007.

T. Kitagawa, A. Kubo, K. Maekawa, “Temperature and wear cutting tools in high-speed machining of Inconel 718 and Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn,” Wear 202, pp. 142–148, 1997.

G. Sutter, L. Faure, A. Molinari, N. Ranc and V. Pina, “An experimental technique for the measurement of temperature fields for the orthogonal cutting in high speed,” International Journal of Machines Tools and Manufacture, vol. 43, pp. 671–678, 2003.

M. C. Shaw, “Some observations concerning the mechanics of cutting and grinding,” Applied Mechanics, Rev. 46, pp. 74-79, 1993.

K. M. Vernaza-Pena, J. J. Mason, M. Li, “Experimental study of the temperature field generated during orthogonal machining of an aluminium alloy,” Experimental Mechanics, vol. 42, pp. 222–229, 2002.

H. Y. K. Potdar and A. T. Zehnder, “Measurements and simulations of temperature and deformation fields in transient metal cutting,” Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, vol. 125, pp. 645–655, 2003.




How to Cite

O. S. Joshua, I. S. Oluwarotimi, and Y. O. Tolu, “Theoretical Determination of Temperature Field in Orthogonal Machining”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 259–270, Oct. 2013.