Simulation and Measurement Analysis of an Integrated Flow Battery Energy-Storage System with Hybrid Wind/Wave Power Generation
Keywords:vanadium redox flow battery, energy-storage system, hybrid wind/wave power-generation system, laboratory-scale platform, power-system model
This study aims to evaluate the power-system stability and the mitigation of fluctuations in a hybrid wind/wave power-generation system (HWWPGS) under different operating and disturbance conditions. This evaluation is performed by employing a vanadium redox flow battery-based energy storage system (VRFB-ESS) as proposed. The measurement results obtained from a laboratory-scale HWWPGS platform integrated with the VRFB-ESS, operating under specific conditions, are used to develop the laboratory-scale simulation model. The capacity rating of this laboratory-scale simulation model is then enlarged to develop an MW-scale power-system model of the HWWPGS. Both operating characteristics and power-system stability of the MW-scale HWWPGS power system model are evaluated through frequency-domain analysis (based on eigenvalue) and time-domain analysis (based on nonlinear-model simulations) under various operating conditions and disturbance conditions. The simulation results demonstrate that the fluctuations and stability of the studied HWWPGS under different operating and disturbance conditions can be effectively smoothed and stabilized by the proposed VRFB-ESS.
M. A. Rahman, M. R. Islam, K. M. Muttaqi, and D. Sutanto, “Modeling and Design of a Multiport Magnetic Bus-Based Novel Wind-Wave Hybrid Ocean Energy Technology,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 57, no. 5, pp. 5400-5410, September-October 2021.
S. Rasool, K. M. Muttaqi, and D. Sutanto, “Integration of a Wind-Wave Hybrid Energy System with the Distribution Network,” IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Smart Grid, and Renewable Energy, pp. 1-6, January 2022.
S. Rasool, K. M. Muttaqi, and D. Sutanto, “A Novel Configuration of a Hybrid Offshore Wind-Wave Energy Conversion System and Its Controls for a Remote Area Power Supply,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 7805-7817, November-December 2022.
S. Rasool, K. M. Muttaqi, and D. Sutanto, “A Co-ordinated Real and Reactive Power Control Architecture of a Grid-Connected Hybrid Offshore Wind-Wave Energy Conversion System,” IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, pp. 1-6, October 2022.
Q. Gao, N. Ertugrul, B. Ding, and M. Negnevitsky, “Offshore Wind, Wave and Integrated Energy Conversion Systems: A Review and Future,” Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, pp. 1-6, November-December 2020.
A. Latif, S. M. S. Hussain, D. C. Das, and T. S. Ustun, “Double Stage Controller Optimization for Load Frequency Stabilization in Hybrid Wind-Ocean Wave Energy Based Maritime Microgrid System,” Applied Energy, vol. 282, no. Part A, article no. 116171, January 2021.
M. H. Jahangir, A. Shahsavari, and M. A. V. Rad, “Feasibility Study of a Zero Emission PV/Wind Turbine/Wave Energy Converter Hybrid System for Stand-Alone Power Supply: A Case Study,” Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 262, article no. 121250, July 2020.
A. Sattar, A. Al-Durra, C. Caruana, M. Debouza, and S. M. Muyeen, “Testing the Performance of Battery Energy Storage in a Wind Energy Conversion System,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 56, no. 3, pp. 3196-3206, May-June 2020.
S. Rasool, K. M. Muttaqi, and D. Sutanto, “A Multi-Filter Based Dynamic Power Sharing Control for a Hybrid Energy Storage System Integrated to a Wave Energy Converter for Output Power Smoothing,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1693-1706, July 2022.
Z. Huang and A. Mu, “Research on Performance Improvement Methods of Vanadium Redox Flow Battery in Microgrid,” 1st China International Youth Conference on Electrical Engineering, pp. 1-6, November 2020.
W. Wang, B. Ge, D. Bi, and D. Sun, “Grid-Connected Wind Farm Power Control Using VRB-Based Energy Storage System,” IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, pp. 3772-3777, September 2010.
Y. Ma, Z. Hu, and Y. Song, “Hour-Ahead Optimization Strategy for Shared Energy Storage of Renewable Energy Power Stations to Provide Frequency Regulation Service,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 2331-2342, October 2022.
L. Wang, Z. H. Huang, J. T. Lai, S. C. Lin, H. H. Ku, and C. L. Hsieh, “A Flow Battery-Based Energy-Storage System Integrated into a Wind Power-Generation System,” IET International Conference on Engineering Technologies and Applications, pp. 1-2, October 2022.
L. Wang, Z. H. Huang, C. W. Tseng, M. F. Lee, C. C. Tseng, H. H. Ku, et al., “Operating Characteristics of a Vanadium Redox Flow Battery-Based Energy-Storage System,” IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, pp. 1-8, October 2022.
L. Wang, C. Y. Lin, H. Y. Wu, and A. V. Prokhorov, “Stability Analysis of a Microgrid System with a Hybrid Offshore Wind and Ocean Energy Farm Fed to a Power Grid Through an HVDC Link,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 2012-2022, May-June 2018.
L. Wang, Q. S. Vo, and A. V. Prokhorov, “Stability Improvement of a Multimachine Power System Connected with a Large-Scale Hybrid Wind-Photovoltaic Farm Using a Supercapacitor,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 54, no. 1, pp. 50-60, January-February 2018.
L. Wang, Q. S. Vo, and A. V. Prokhorov, “Dynamic Stability Analysis of a Hybrid Wave and Photovoltaic Power Generation System Integrated into a Distribution Power Grid,” IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 404-413, January 2017.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Li Wang, Shih-Chia Lin, Sheng-Jie Zhang, Ching-Chung Tseng, Hung-Hsien Ku, Chin-Lung Hsieh
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.