Analytical Study of Building Height Effects over Steel Plate Shear Wall Behavior


  • Benyamin Kioumarsi
  • Majid Gholhaki
  • Ali Kheyroddin
  • Mahdi Kioumarsi


In the latest three decades, the steel plate shear walls (SPSW) system has emerged as a promising lateral load resisting system for both construction new buildings and retrofit of existing buildings. This system has acceptable stiffness for control of structure displacement, ductile failure mechanism and high energy absorption. This paper will quantify the effect of increasing the height over analytical behavior of SPSW (height effect). Considering abundant emergence of high-rise buildings all over the world in recent years and their need for strengthening, the importance of the studies presented in this paper cannot be overemphasized for optimum height usage of SPSW lateral resisting system. The study was performed through design of four models of dual system with special moment frames capable of resisting at least 25% of prescribed seismic forces. In this article, structure buildings consisting of 5, 10, 15 and 20 stories have been modelled. Results consisting of story shear absorption, support reaction forces, lateral story displacement and drift index have investigated for different cases. Results show that SPSW absorbs more shears at the lower stories than top stories. Furthermore, axial reaction of edge supports experience decreasing rate corresponding to increase in the story numbers. Drift magnitude of steel plate shear wall with the 5 stories has the maximum value at the top story while the systems with the 10 and the 15 stories have maximum drift at lower stories.


S. Sabouri-Ghomi and M. Gholhaki, "Ductility of thin steel plate shear walls," Asian Journal of Civil Engineering (Building and Housing), vol. 9, pp. 153-166, 2008.

S. Sabouri and R. A. Sajadi, "Experimental investigation of force modification factor and energy absorption of ductile steel plate shear walls with stiffener and without stiffener," Journal of Structures & Steel, vol. 3, pp. 13-25, 2008.

M. Kurata, R. Leon, R. DesRoches, and M. Nakashima, "Steel plate shear wall with tension-bracing for seismic rehabilitation of steel frames," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 71, pp. 92-103, 2012.

V. Caccese, M. Elgaaly, and R. Chen, "Experimental study of thin steel‐plate shear walls under cyclic load," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 119, pp. 573-587, 1993.

M. Gholhaki and S. Sabouri, "Effect of ductility factor on force modification factor of thin steel plate shear walls," Structure and steel, vol. 5, pp. 52-63, 2009.

R. G. Driver, G. L. Kulak, D. L. Kennedy, and A. E. Elwi, "Cyclic test of four-story steel plate shear wall," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 124, pp. 112-120, 1998.

C. Topkaya and C. O. Kurban, "Natural periods of steel plate shear wall systems," Journal of Constructional steel research, vol. 65, pp. 542-551, 2009.

M. Rezai, "Seismic behaviour of steel plate shear walls by shake table testing," PhD dissertation, Department of Civil Engineering, University of British Colombia, Vancouver, Canada, 1999.

A. Astaneh-Asl, "Seismic behavior and design of steel shear walls," Steel TIPS Report, Structural Steel Educational Council, Moraga, Calif, 2001.

E. Kalkan and S. K. Kunnath, "Effects of fling step and forward directivity on seismic response of buildings," Earthquake spectra, vol. 22, pp. 367-390, 2006.

M. Gerami and D. Abdollahzadeh, "Estimation of forward directivity effect on design spectra in near field of fault," Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, vol. 2, pp. 8670-8686, 2012.

J. W. Berman, O. C. Celik, and M. Bruneau, "Comparing hysteretic behavior of light-gauge steel plate shear walls and braced frames," Engineering Structures, vol. 27, pp. 475-485, 2005.

G. De Matteis, R. Landolfo, and F. Mazzolani, "Seismic response of MR steel frames with low-yield steel shear panels," Engineering Structures, vol. 25, pp. 155-168, 2003.

M. R. Behbahanifard, G. Y. Grondin, and A. E. Elwi, "Experimental and numerical investigation of steel plate shear wall," Structural engineering report number 254, University of Alberta, 2003.

D. Vian and M. Bruneau, "Testing of special LYS steel plate shear walls," in Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 2004, pp. 1-6.

M. H. K. Kharrazi, "Rational method for analysis and design of steel plate walls," PhD dissertation, University of British Columbia; Vancouver (Canada). 2005.

S. Ghosh, F. Adam, and A. Das, "Design of steel plate shear walls considering inelastic drift demand," Journal of Constructional Steel Research, vol. 65, pp. 1431-1437, 2009.




How to Cite

B. Kioumarsi, M. Gholhaki, A. Kheyroddin, and M. Kioumarsi, “Analytical Study of Building Height Effects over Steel Plate Shear Wall Behavior”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 255–263, Sep. 2016.