Comparative Study on Photovoltaic Pumping Systems Driven by Different Motors Optimized with Sliding Mode Control
Keywords:Photovoltaic generator, Direct current motor, buck-boost converter
This study investigates the performance of three different photovoltaic (PV) water pumping systems driven by three types of motors, namely a separately excited DC motor (DCM), an asynchronous motor (ASM), and a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), via a DC/DC buck-boost converter coupled to a centrifugal pump. The purpose of this study is to implement a fast and robust control for this type of a nonlinear system, controlled by sliding mode (SM). This paper presents an SM control technique for controlling a DC/DC buck-boost converter to transfer the maximum power delivered by the PV generator. Each component is studied and analyzed to simulate the global system in MATLAB/SIMULINK. The three systems are then compared to determine the overall effectiveness of the proposed command. The study concludes that the ASM-driven PV system yields highly favorable results and requires less maintenance compared with other systems.
R. J. Mukti and A. Islam, “Designing an efficient photovoltaic system with maximum power point tracking technique by comparing different converter topologies,” Proc. IEEE. 17th International Conf. Computer and Information Technology (ICCIT), IEEE Press, December 2014, pp. 235-240.
A. Chihi, A. Chbeb, and A. Sellami, “Switching function optimization of sliding mode control to a photovoltaic pumping system,” Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 576, pp. 463-493, November 2014.
M. S. Petibon, “Nouvelles architectures distribuées de gestion et de conversion de l’énergie pour les applications photovoltaïques,” Doctoral thesis, Lab. Analysis and architecture of Systems (L.A.A.S), Toulouse Univ, January 2009. (in French).
A. Bouchakour and M. Brahami, “Comparative study between sliding mode control and incremental conductance algorithm to maximize power for photovoltaic systems,” European Conference on Renewable Energy Systems (ECRES), Kemer, Antalya, Turkey, October 2015.
A. Betka and A. Attali, “Optimization of a photovoltaic pumping system based on the optimal control theory,” Solar Energy, vol. 84, no. 7, pp.1273-1283, April 2010.
H. Abouobaida and M. Cherkaoui, “Comparative study of maximum power point trackers for fast changing environmental conditions,” 2012 International Conf. Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS), IEEE Press, May 2012, pp. 1131-1136.
K. Benlarbi and L. Mokrani, “A fuzzy global efficiency optimization of a photovoltaic water pumping system,” Solar Energy, vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 203-216, June 2004.
H. Bouzeria, C. Fetha and T. Bahi, “Fuzzy logic space vector direct torque control of PMSM for photovoltaic water pumping system,” Energy Procedia, vol. 74, pp. 760-771, April 2015.
M. Akbaba, “Matching induction motors to PVG for maximum power transfer,” Desalination, vol. 209, no. 1-3, pp. 31-38, December 2007.
V. C. Mummadi, “Steady-state and dynamic performance analysis of PV supplied DC motors fed from intermediate power converter,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 365-381, February 2000.
J. Appelbaum, “Starting and steady-state characteristics of dc motors powered by solar cell generators,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. EC-1, no. 1, pp. 17-25, March 1986.
K. Benlarbi, “Fuzzy, neuronal and neuro-fuzzy optimization of a photovoltaic water pumping system driven by DC an AC motors,” Master Thesis, Dept. Elect, Batna Univ., Algeria 2003. (in French)
P. Packiam and N. K. Jain, “Steady and transient characteristics of a single stage PV water pumping system,” Energy Systems, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 173-199, December 2014.
A. Bouchakour and M. Brahami, “A comparative and analytical study of various MPPT techniques applied in PV systems for fast changing environmental conditions,” 3rd International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, December 2015.
M. Di Piazza and G.P. Vitale, “Photovoltaic sources, Modeling and Emulation,” Springer-Verlag London, Chapter 4, p. 84, 2013.
A. Bouchakour and M. Brahami, “Study of a photovoltaic system using MPPT Buck-Boost converter,” International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 65-68, February 2015.
M. Rabia Benayeche, “Contribution à la commande robuste des systèmes non linéaires incertains : application à un système hydraulique,” Doctoral thesis, Lab. Innovates. Tech. (L.I.T), Valenciennes Univ., December 2009. (in French)
M. Arrouf and S. Ghabrour, “Modeling and simulation of a pumping system fed by photovoltaic generator within the Simulink programming environment,” Desalination Solar Energy, vol. 209, no. 1, pp. 23-30, April 2007.
H. S. Ramirez and R. S. Ortigoza, “Control design techniques in power electronics devices,” London: Springer- Verlag London, pp. 235-358, 2006.
A. Mokeddem and A. Midoun, “Performance of a directly-coupled PV water pumping system,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 3089-3095, April 2011.
O. Atlam and M. Kolhe, “Performance evaluation of directly photovoltaic powered DC PM (direct current permanent magnet) motor-propeller thrust system,” Energy, vol. 57, pp. 692-698, June 2013.
L. Zarour, R. Chenni, “Improvement of synchronous and asynchronous motor drive systems supplied by photovoltaic arrays with frequency control,” Journal of Electrical Engineering, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 169-177, 2008.
A. Khalief, “Contribution à la commande vectorielle sans capteur mécanique des machines synchrones à aimant permanents (MSAP), ” Doctoral thesis, Dept. Elect. Eng., Marseille Univ., 2012. (in French)
A. Ghoneim, “Design optimization of photovoltaic powered water pumping systems,” Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 47, no. 11, pp. 1449-1463, October 2006.
J. P. Carou and J. P. Hautier, “Modélisation et commande de la machine asynchrone,” Méthode et pratique de l’ingénieur, Paris, Chapter 2, p. 42,1995. (in French)
S. R. Wenham, M. A. Green, M. E. Watt, and R. Corkish, Applied photovoltaics, 2nd ed., London: Earthscan, Chapter 11, p. 222, 2007.
A. Borni, “Etude et optimisation d’un multi système hybride de conversion d’énergie électrique,” Doctoral thesis, Dept. Elec. Eng Sciences., Constantine 1 Univ., 2015. (in French)
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.