Advanced Properties of Continuously Graded Pervious Concrete for Rigid Pavement Base Layer
According to previous studies, a pervious concrete using continuously graded aggregate gives a better strength and approaches the condition of aggregate gradation on the field. The aim of this research is to study a pervious concrete mix-design for Indonesian Specification input category using continuously graded pervious concrete as an alternative rigid pavement base layer. Some advanced properties are applied to represent the required criteria for pavement base layer, i.e. elastic modulus, Poisson’s ratio, flexural strength, horizontal permeability, heterogeneity level, and dynamic elastic modulus. It is found that the pervious concrete with continuously graded tends to be more physically elastic when compared to normal concrete and has a better endurance against elastic deformation rather than normal concrete. Its static elastic modulus has a better relationship with horizontal permeability than flexural strength. Overall, five mix-designs have been successfully met the advanced properties criteria for rigid pavement base layer required by the Specification.
M. Sonebi, M. T. Bassuoni, and A. Yahia, “Pervious concrete: mix design, properties and applications,” RILEM Technical Letters, vol. 1, pp. 110-110, December 2016.
ACI Committee 522, “Report on pervious concrete,” American Concrete Institute, American Concrete Institute 522R-10, March 2010.
D. A. Prabowo, A. Setyawan, and K. A. Sambowo, “Porous concrete design for environmentally friendly pavement,” e-Jurnal Matriks Teknik Sipil, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 101-102, June. 2013.
Hariyadi, and H. Tamai, “Enhancing the performance of porous concrete by utilizing the pumice aggregate,” Procedia Engineering Journal, vol. 125, pp. 732-738, November 2015.
A. K. Chandrappa, and K. P. Biligiri, “Investigation on flexural strength and stiffness of pervious concrete for pavement application,” Advances in Civil Engineering Materials, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 225-230, October 2018.
F. R. A. M. Care, B. S. Subagio, and H. Rahman, “Porous concrete basic property criteria as rigid pavement base layer in Indonesia,” Proc. The Third International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment (SIBE 2017), EDP Sciences, pp. 1-16, January 2018.
F. R. A. M. Care, B. S. Subagio, H. Rahman, and R. A. Yamin, “Porous concrete basic property criteria as rigid pavement base layer adjusting field gradation circumstances in Indonesia,” The 2nd Conference for Civil Engineering Research Networks (conCERN-2), Bandung, 2018.
General Specification edition 2010 3rd revision, General Specification, Directorate General of Highways Ministry of Public Works, 2010.
Manual of Hydraulic for Road, and Bridge Works: Book 2 Hydraulic Design, Manual no: 01-2 / BM / 2005, Directorate General of Highways Department of Public Works, 2005.
E. Lim, T. F. Fwa, and K. H. Tan, ”Laboratory evaluation of clogging behavior of pervious concrete pavements,” Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, vol. 11, pp. 1611-1611, December 2015.
F. A. Kozeliski, “Permeable Bases Help Solve Pavement Drainage Problems,” the Aberdeen Group, in press.
PT. LAPI ITB, “Frontage damage survey report,” Bandung Institute of Technology, PT. Nusantara Infratructure Tbk, December 2011.
PT. LAPI ITB, “Survey report on the visual condition of Cipularang toll road,” Bandung Institute of Technology, PT. Jasa Marga, December 2014.
Y. H. Huang, Pavement analysis and design, 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.
M. Zheng, S. Chen, and B. Wang, “Mix design method for permeable base of porous concrete,” International Journal Pavement Research Technology, vol.5, no. 2, China, pp. 102-102, March 2012.
R. C. Meininger, “No-Fines Pervious Concrete for Paving,” Concrete International, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 24-24, August 1988.
Anderson, Walsh, Oka, Dewoolkar, Limberg, Sevi, and Schmeckpeper, “Laboratory performance of pervious concrete subjected to deicing salts and freeze-thaw,” University of Vermont Transportation Research Center, Vermont Agency of Transportation, Transportation Research Centre Report 15-006, June 2015.
M. I. M. Yusak, R. P. Jaya, M. R. Hainin, C. R. Ismail, and M. H. W. Ibrahim, “Strength of porous concrete pavement at different curing methods,” Jurnal Teknologi, vol. 76, no. 14, pp. 103-103, October 2015.
ASTM Standard Test Method for Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens, ASTM International Designation: C 39/C 39M-05, 2005.
ASTM Standard Test Method for Flexural Strength of Concrete (Using Simple Beam with Third-Point Loading), ASTM International Designation: C 78-02, 2002.
ASTM Standard Test Method for Static Modulus of Elasticity and Poisson’s Ratio of Concrete in Compression, ASTM International Designation: C 469-02, 2002.
ASTM Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter, ASTM International Designation: D5084-03, 2003.
A. M. Neville, Properties of concrete, 4th ed. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997.
B. J. Lee, S. H. Kee, T. Oh, and Y. Y. Kim, “Evaluating the dynamic elastic modulus of concrete using shear-wave velocity measurements,” Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 2017, pp. 12-12, July 2017.
R. E. Philleo, “Comparison of results of three methods for determining young’s modulus of elasticity of concrete,” Journal of the American Concrete Institute, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 461-469, January 1955.
ASTM Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity Through Concrete, ASTM International Designation: C 597-02, 2002.
Guidebook on non-destructive testing of concrete structures. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency, 2002.
W. G. Goede, “Pervious concrete: investigation into structural performance and evaluation of the applicability of existing thickness design methods,” M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Washington State University, Pullman, Washington, 2009.
A. K. Chandrappa and K. P. Biligiri, “Influence of mix parameters on pore properties and modulus of pervious concrete: an application of ultrasonic pulse velocity,” Materials and Structures, vol. 49, no. 12, pp. 5266-5268, December 2016.
A. K. Chandrappa and K. P. Biligiri, “Flexural-fatigue characteristics of pervious concrete: statistical distributions and model development,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 153, pp. 12-12, October 2017.
Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Engineering and Technology Innovation
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.