Heat Transfer Augmentation of Concentrated Solar Absorber Using Modified Surface Contour
Keywords:parabolic dish, solar absorber, surface cavity, energy efficiency, exergy efficiency
This work aims to compare the cavity surface contour’s thermal performance to that of the solar absorber’s plain surface contour for Scheffler type parabolic dish collectors. The absorber is tested for the temperature range up to 600°C without working fluid and 180°C with the working fluid. The modified absorber surface's thermal performance is compared with the flat surface absorber with and without heat transfer fluid. The peak temperature reached by the surface modified absorber (534°C) is about 8.6% more than that of the unmodified absorber (492°C) during an outdoor test without fluid. The energy efficiency of cavity surface absorber and plain surface absorber are 67.65% and 61.84%, respectively. The contoured cavity surface produces a more uniform temperature distribution and a higher heat absorption rate than the plain surface. The results are beneficial to the design of high-temperature solar absorbers for concentrated solar collectors.
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