Investigation of Slug Flow Characteristics for Energy Harvesting Applications


  • Umar Alhaji Mukhtar University of Maiduguri
  • Abubakar Sahabo Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri
  • Baba Musa Abbagoni University of Maiduguri


pressure fluctuation, liquid hold-up, slug flow, slug frequency superficial liquid and gas velocity


The purpose of this research work is to study the characteristics of air-water slug flow for energy harvesting applications. It involves an investigation and analysis of the liquid hold-up, slug frequency and the translational velocity from conductivity rings. The experimental test was carried out with a different flow rate of the air-water slug flow in 2-inch rig horizontal pipe using a ring type conductance probe. The conductivity rings were used to obtain the slug flow characteristics. Forces were generated as a result of the fluctuating pressure of the slug flow on the entire cross-sectional area of the pipe. The acquired signal of the pressure fluctuation was used to simulate the expected outcome. The result shows that a maximum forward slug force of 30N per cross-sectional area of the pipe was obtained and 26N force of the fluctuating pressure through the cross-section was generated at the flange-end. The obtained forces can be applied to using electromagnetic or piezoelectric harvester to generate the electrical output in order to energize electro-mechanical devices.

Author Biographies

Umar Alhaji Mukhtar, University of Maiduguri

Department Mechanical Engineering


Abubakar Sahabo, Ramat Polytechnic Maiduguri

Department of Mechanical Engineering.



Baba Musa Abbagoni, University of Maiduguri

Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering



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How to Cite

U. A. Mukhtar, A. Sahabo, and B. M. Abbagoni, “Investigation of Slug Flow Characteristics for Energy Harvesting Applications”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 146–155, Mar. 2018.