Voltage Differencing Current Conveyor Based Voltage-Mode and Current-Mode Universal Biquad Filters with Electronic Tuning Facility
Keywords:voltage differencing current conveyor, universal biquad filter, voltage-mode, current-mode, PSPICE
The objective of this study is to present four new universal biquad filters, two voltage-mode multi-input-single-output (MISO), and two current-mode single-input-multi-output (SIMO). The filters employ one voltage differencing current conveyor (VDCC) as an active element and two capacitors along with two resistors as passive elements. All the five filter responses, i.e., high-pass, low-pass, band-pass, band-stop, and all-pass responses, are obtained from the same circuit topology. Moreover, the pole frequency and quality factor are independently tunable. Additionally, they do not require any double/inverted input signals for response realization. Furthermore, they enjoy low active and passive sensitivities. Various regular analyses support the design ideas. The functionality of the presented filters are tested by PSPICE simulations using TSMC 0.18 µm technology parameters with ± 0.9 V supply voltage. The circuits are also justified experimentally by creating the VDCC block using commercially available OPA860 ICs. The experimental and simulation results agree well with the theoretically predicted results.
J. W. Horng and Z. Y. Jhao, “Voltage-Mode Universal Biquadratic Filter Using Single DVCC,” International Scholarly Research Notices, vol. 2013, pp. 1-5, March 2013.
S. Roy, T. K. Paul, and R. R. Pal, “Realization of Third-Order Voltage-Mode/Current-Mode Quadrature Oscillator Circuit Employing VDCCs and All Grounded Capacitors,” Journal of Physical Science, vol. 23, pp. 131-145, December 2018.
F. Kacar, A. Yesil, and A. Noori, “New CMOS Realization of Voltage Differencing Buffered Amplifier and Its Biquad Filter Applications,” Radioengineering, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 333-339, April 2012.
M. I. A. Albrni, F. Mohammad, N. Herencsa, J. Sampe, and S. H. M. Ali, “Novel Electronically Tunable Biquadratic Mixed-Mode Universal Filter Capable of Operating in MISO and SIMO Configurations,” Informacije MIDEM-Journal of Microelectronics Electronic Components and Materials, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 189-203, July 2020.
J. K. Pathak, A. K. Singh, and R. Senani, “New Voltage Mode Universal Filters Using Only Two CDBAs,” International Scholarly Research Notices, vol. 2013, pp. 1-8, February 2013.
S. Sirithai, S. Summart, and A. Jantakun, “Multiple-Input Single-Output Biquadratic Filter with Adjustable Amplitude,” Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 20-23, August 2020.
N. Pandey and S. K. Paul, “Differential Difference Current Conveyor Transconductance Amplifier: A New Analog Building Block for Signal Processing,” Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering, vol. 2011, pp. 1-10, November 2011.
H. Tarunkumar, A. Ranjan, and N. M. Pheiroijam, “Universal Biquadratic Filter with Minimum Number of Active FTFN,” Procedia Computer Science, vol. 125, pp. 818-824, January 2018.
M. Faseehuddin, J. Sampe, S. Shireen, and S. H. M. Ali, “A Novel Mix-Mode Universal Filter Employing A Single Active Element and Minimum Number of Passive Components,” Informacije MIDEM-Journal of Microelectronics Electronic Components and Materials, vol. 47, no. 4, pp. 211-221, September 2017.
S. Maiti and R. R. Pal, “Universal Biquadratic Filter Employing Single Differential Voltage Current Controlled Conveyor Transconductance Amplifier,” Lecture Notes on Photonics and Optoelectronics, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 56-61, December 2013.
A. K. Kushwaha and S. K. Paul, “Current Mode Universal Filter Using Single Current Controlled Differential Difference Current Conveyor Transconductance Amplifier,” Circuits and Systems, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 224-236, October 2015.
C. Psychalinos, C. Kasimis, and F. Khateb, “Multiple-Input Single-Output Universal Biquad Filter Using Single Output Operational Transconductance Amplifiers,” AEU-International Journal of Electronics and Communications, vol. 93, pp. 360-367, September 2018.
J. W. Horng, “High Input Impedance Voltage-Mode Universal Biquadratic Filter Using Two OTAs and One CCII,” International Journal of Electronics, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 185-191, June 2003.
B. Chaturvedi, J. Mohan, and A. Kumar, “A New Versatile Universal Biquad Configuration for Emerging Signal Processing Applications,” Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers, vol. 27, no. 12, 185096, February 2018.
D. Prasad, M. Srivastava, and D. R. Bhaskar, “Transadmittance Type Universal Current-Mode Biquad Filter Using VDTAs,” International Scholarly Research Notices, vol. 2014, pp. 1-4, August 2014.
E. Yuce, “A Single-Input Multiple-Output Voltage-Mode Second-Order Universal Filter Using Only Grounded Passive Components,” Indian Journal of Engineering & Materials Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 97-106, April 2017.
D. Agarwal and S. Maheswari, “High-Performance Electronically Tunable Analog Filter Using a Single EX-CCCII,” Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing, vol. 18, no. 4 pp. 1-25, September 2020.
M. Faseehuddin, N. Herencsar, N. Albrni, and J. Sampe, “Electronically Tunable Mixed-Mode Universal Filter Employing a Single Active Block and a Minimum Number of Passive Components,” Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 1, 55, January 2021.
D. Biolek, R. Senani, V. Biolkova, and Z. Kolka, “Active Elements for Analog Signal Processing; Classification, Review, and New Proposals,” Radioengineering, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 15-32, December 2008.
F. Kacar, A. Yesil, and K. Gurkan, “Design and Experiment of VDDC-Based Voltage Mode Universal Filter,” Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Physics, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 341-349, May 2015.
P. Lamun, P. Phatsornsiri, and U. Torteanchai, “Single VDCC-Based Current-Mode Universal Biquadratic Filter,” 7th International Conference on Information Technology and Electrical Engineering (ICITEE), IEEE Press, October 2015, pp. 122-125.
S. Rana, A. K. Kumawat, and P. Kumar, “A Universal Current Mode KHN Biquad Filter Using Voltage Differencing Current Conveyor,” IEEE 1st International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), IEEE Press, July 2016, pp. 1-5.
M. Gupta and T. S. Arora, “Realization of Current Mode Universal Filter and a Dual-Mode Single Resistance Controlled Quadrature Oscillator Employing VDCC and Only Grounded Passive Elements,” Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 833-845, December 2017.
R. Jain and P. Kumar, “VDCC Based Voltage Mode Tow-Thomas Biquad Filter,” IEEE 1st International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), IEEE Press, July 2016, pp. 1-4.
R. Jain, “Single Voltage Differencing Current Conveyor Based Second-Order Filter Realization,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Electronics and Communication Engineering (IJARECE), vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1218-1224, May 2015.
M. Rawat and M. Bansal, “A Voltage Mode Biquad with Lowpass, Bandpass and Notch Outputs Using Voltage Differencing Current Conveyor,” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 506-508, May 2015.
S. Mishra and P. Kumar, “Biquad Filter Design Using VDCC (Earth Resistor Help in Designing of Biquad Filter Using VDCC),” International Journal of Research, vol. 5, no. 15, pp. 1979-1985, May 2018.
P. Uttaphut, “Single VDCC-Based Electronically Tunable Voltage-Mode Second Order Universal Filter,” Przegląd Elektrotechniczny, vol. 94, no. 4, pp. 22-25, April 2018.
D. Prasad, A. Ahmad, A. Shukla, A. Mukhopadhyay, B. B. Sharma, and M. Srivastava, “Novel VDCC Based Low-Pass and High-Pass Ladder Filters,” Annual IEEE India Conference (INDICON), IEEE Press, December 2015, pp. 1-3.
T. S. Arora, B. Rohil, and S. Gupta, “Fully Integrable/Cascadable CM Universal Filter And CM Quadrature Oscillator Using VDCC and Only Grounded Passive Elements,” Journal of Circuits, Systems and Computers, vol. 28, no. 11, 1950181, October 2019.
M. Gupta and T. S. Arora, “Various Applications of Analog Signal Processing Employing Voltage Differencing Current Conveyor and Only Grounded Passive Elements: A Re-Convertible Approach,” SN Applied Sciences, vol. 2, no. 9, pp. 1-18, September 2020.
M. Gupta, P. Dogra, and T. S. Arora, “Novel Current Mode Universal Filter and Dual-Mode Quadrature Oscillator Using VDCC and All Grounded Passive Elements,” Australian Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 220-236, July 2019.
T. S. Arora, “Realization of Current-Mode Universal Filter Utilising Minimum Active Elements and Only Grounded Passive Components,” 7th International Conference on Signal Processing and Integrated Networks (SPIN), IEEE Press, February 2020, pp. 681-686.
Siripruchyanun and W. Jaikla, “A Transconductance-Mode Multifunction Filter with High Input and High Output Impedance Nodes Using Voltage Differencing Current Conveyors (VDCCs),” Advances in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 242-254, December 2020.
“OPA860-Wide Bandwidth Operational Transconductance Amplifier (OTA) and Buffer,” http://www.ti.com/lit/ ds/sbos331c/sbos331c.pdf, August 31, 2008.
How to Cite
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.