Mechanical and Durability Properties of High-Performance Concrete Incorporating Fibers and Algerian Natural Pozzolans in Chloride Attack
Keywords:concrete, natural pozzolan, fibers, durability properties, chloride attack
This study aims to assess the effect of sodium chloride attack on the mechanical and durability properties of high-performance concrete (HPC) based on fibers and natural pozzolans. The resistance of specimens against chemical attack is determined by the unit weight, compressive strength, splitting-tensile strength, chloride ion permeability, apparent gas permeability, and visual inspection after 28, 90, 180, and 365 days of testing. A total of three types of concrete are assessed: reference concrete (RC), HPC, and high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (HPFRC) stored in tap water and aggressive water (i.e., a 10% NaCl solution). The test results demonstrate that the presence of fibers negatively affects the permeability of HPC. However, HPC and HPFRC remain stable and are not influenced by the NaCl solution compared to RC. The natural pozzolans attenuate the side effect of fibers by occupying voids (i.e., the filler effect) and generating denser products (i.e., the pozzolanic reaction) in the cement matrix.
H. W. Song, et al., “Factors Influencing Chloride Transport in Concrete Structures Exposed to Marine Environments,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 113-121, February 2008.
Y. Yi, et al., “A Review on the Deterioration and Approaches to Enhance the Durability of Concrete in the Marine Environment,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 113, Article no. 103695, October 2020.
H. K. Hilsdorf, et al., Performance Criteria for Concrete Durability, 1st ed., London: Taylor & Francis Group, 1995.
A. Delagrave, et al., “Influence of Chloride Ions and pH Level on the Durability of High Performance Cement Pastes,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1433-1443, May 1994.
P. Aıtcin, “The Durability Characteristics of High Performance Concrete: A Review,” Cement and Concrete Composites, vol. 25, no. 4-5, pp. 409-420, May-July 2003.
A. I. N. Diana, et al., “An Experimental Study of Plastic Waste as Fine Aggregate Substitute for Environmentally Friendly Concrete,” Advances in Technology Innovation, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 179-190, June 2021.
R. Chaïd, et al., “Microstructure and Permeability of Concrete with Glass Powder Addition Conserved in the Sulphatic Environment,” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 219-237, July 2015.
A. Aziz, et al., “Optimization of New Eco-Material Synthesis Obtained by Phosphoric Acid Attack of Natural Moroccan Pozzolan Using Box-Behnken Design,” Ceramics International, vol. 47, no. 23, pp. 33028-33038, December 2021.
A. Talah, et al., “The Influence of Natural Pozzolan Content on Durability of High Performance Concrete,” 6th International Symposium on Advances in Science and Technology, pp. 32-44, March 2012.
N. Haddadou, et al., “Experimental Study on Steel Fibre Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete Incorporating High Volume of Marble Powder,” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 48-64, June 2015.
A. Bentur, et al., Fibre Reinforced Cementitious Composites, 2nd ed., London: Elsevier Applied Science, 2006.
Y. Chen, et al., “Resistance of Concrete Against Combined Attack of Chloride and Sulfate Under Drying-Wetting Cycles,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 106, pp. 650-658, March 2016.
D. Darwin, et al., “Effects of Deicers on Concrete Deterioration,” American Concrete Institute, vol. 105, no. 6, pp. 622-627, January 2008.
S. I. Anowai, et al., “Durability Properties of Banana Fibre Reinforced Fly Ash Concrete,” International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 1168-1174, November 2017.
B. Rabehi, et al., “Strength and Compressive Behaviour of Ultra High-Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) Incorporating Algerian Calcined Clays as Pozzolanic Materials and Silica Fume,” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 599-615, July 2013.
B. Rabehi, et al., “Durability and Thermal Stability of Ultra High-Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC) Incorporating Calcined Clay,” European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering, vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 594-611, February 2017.
A. Talah, et al., “A Modified Test Procedure to Measure Gas Permeability of Hollow Cylinder Concrete Specimens,” International Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 91-94, February 2013.
AFPC-AFREM, “Recommended Test Methods for Measuring the Parameters Associated to Durability,” Proceedings des Journées Techniques AFPC-AFREM, pp. 11-12, December 1998.
D. Fodil, et al., “Compressive Strength and Corrosion Evaluation of Concretes Containing Pozzolana and Perlite Immersed in Aggressive Environments,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 179, pp. 25-34, 2018.
N. Chousidis, et al., “Mechanical Properties and Durability Performance of Reinforced Concrete Containing Fly Ash,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 101, pp. 810-817, October 2015.
V. Afroughsabet, et al., “High-Performance Fiber-Reinforced Concrete: A Review,” Journal of Materials Science, vol. 51, no. 14, pp. 6517-6551, March 2016.
C. Frazão, et al., “Durability of Steel Fiber Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 80, pp. 155-166, April 2015.
L. Chalah, et al., “Permeability of High-Performance Fiber Reinforced Concrete Immersed in High Concentration Sodium Chloride Solution,” Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering, vol. 6, np. 2, pp. 541-552, February 2022.
H. A. Toutanji, “Properties of Polypropylene Fiber Reinforced Silica Fume Expansive-Cement Concrete,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 171-177, June 1999.
A. Merida, et al., “Durability of High Performance Concrete in an Aggressive Environment,” Key Engineering Materials, vol. 600, pp. 485-494, March 2014.
R. Chaid, et al., “Durability of Concretes with Marble Powder,” 5th International Conference on Environment Science and Engineering, pp. 33-40, April 2015.
E. T. Dawood, et al., “Durability of High Strength Flowing Concrete with Hybrid Fibres,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 35, pp. 521-530, October 2012.
T. Rahmani, et al., “Durability of Glass, Polypropylene and Steel Fiber Reinforced Concrete,” International Conference on Durability of Building Materials and Components, pp. 12-15, April 2011.
M. Mahoutian, et al., “Durability of Fiber Reinforced Lightweight Aggregate Concrete,” International Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering, pp. 308-315, September 2007.
How to Cite
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.