Hexavalent Chromium Reduction and Its Distribution in the Cell and Medium by Chromium Resistant Fusarium solani
Keywords:batch biosorption, Cr (VI), fusarium solani, growing cells
AbstractIn the present work, batch biosorption of Cr(VI) was studied using the fungal strain isolated from soil. The fungal strain was characterized as Fusarium solani. The total Cr distribution in the biomass (fungus) and in the media obtained from the experiment conducted at 500 mg l -1 initial Cr(VI) concentration and pH 5.0. The results indicated both intracellular and extracellular accumulation and enzymatic reduction of Cr(VI) and this was supported by the Transmission Electron Microscopic (TEM) observation at the same Cr(VI) concentration and pH value. Chromium elution from Fusarium solani containing Cr was then tried out using a number of chromium eluting reagents and a maximum Cr could be eluted using 0.5N sodium hydroxide solution without destructing the biomass structure. The total Cr was recovered by pH adjustment from both biomass and media was found to be 44% of the initial Cr(VI) concentration (500 mg l-1 ).
B. R. Sudha, and E. Abraham, “Biosorption of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution by Rhizopus nigrificans,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 79, pp. 73-81, 2001.
B. Volesky, Biosorption and biosorbents in Biosorption of Heavy Metals, Boca Raton: CRC press Inc, 1990.
O. Muter, A. Patmalnieks, and A. Rapoport, “Interrelations of the yeast Candida utilis and Cr (VI): metal reduction and its distribution in the cell and medium,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 36, pp. 963-970, 2001.
S. Llovera, R. Bonet, M. D. Simon-Pujol, and F. Congregado, “Effect of culture medium ions on chromate reduction by resting cells of Agrobacterium radiobacter,” Appl. Microbial. Biotechnol, vol. 39, pp. 424-426, 1993.
T. Srinath, T. Verma, P.W. Ramteka, S.K. Garg, “Chromium (VI) biosorption and bioaccumulation by chromate resistant bacteria,” Chemophere, vol. 48, pp. 427- 435, 2001.
M. Sen, “A Comparative Study on Biosorption of Cr(VI) by Fusarium solani under Different Growth Conditions,” Open Journal of Applied Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 146-152, 2012.
M. Nourbaksh, Y. Sag, Z. Ozer, Z. Aksu, T. Kustal, and A. Caglar, “A comparative study of Various Biosorbent for Removal of Chromium (VI) Ions from Industrial Waste Waters,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 29, pp. 1-5, 1994.
P. Pattanapipitpaisal, N.L.Brown, and L.E. Macaskie, “Chromate reduction by Microbacterium liquefaciens immobilized in polyvinyl alcohol,” Biotech Letter, vol. 23, pp. 41-43, 2001
B. Barkhordar, and M. Ghiasseddin, “Comparision of Langmuir and Freundlich Equilibriums in Cr, Cu and Ni Adsorption by Sargassum,” Iranian J Env Health Sci Eng, vol. 1, pp. 58-64, 2004.
K.S. Selvaraj, S. Manonmai, and S. Pattabhi, “Removal of hexavalent chromium using distillery sludge,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 89, pp. 207-211, 2003.
A.Y. Dursan, G. Ulsu, Y. Cuci, and Z.Aksu, “Bioaccumulation of cupper (II), lead (II) and chromium (VI) by growing Aspergillus niger,” Process Biochemistry, vol. 38, pp. 1647-1651, 2003.
J.M. Panacastro, F.M.-Jeronimo, E.-Garcia, and F.R.O. Canizares-Villanueva, “Heavy metals removal by the micro algae Sceneunus in crassatulus in continuous cultures,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 94, pp. 219-222, 2004.
A. Khanafari, S. Eshghdoost, and A. Mashinchian, “Removal of lead and chromium from aqueous solution by bacillus circulans,” Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., vol. 5, pp. 195-200, 2008.
M. Sen, M.G. Dastidar, and P.K. Roychoudhury, “Biosorption of Cr(VI) using fungal strain of Fusarium sp.,” American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Prac. Period. Hazard.,Toxic Radioact Waste Manag., vol. 9, pp. 147-151, 2005.
M. Sen, and M.G. Dastidar, “Adsorption- Desorption Studies on Cr(VI) Using Non-Living Fungal Biomass,” Asian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 22, pp. 2331-2338, 2010.
M.Sen, and M.G. Dastidar, “Biosorption of Cr(VI) by resting cells of Aspergillus sp.,” Iran. J. Environ.Health. Sci. Eng., vol. 4, pp. 9-12, 2006.
M. Sen, M.G. Dastidar, and P. K. Roychoudhury, “Comparative studies of batch and continuous biological treatment of Cr(VI) using Fusarium solani,” Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 41, pp 51-56, 2007.
M.Sen, and M.G. Dastidar,”Biosorption of Cr(VI) by resting cells of Fusarium Solani,” Iran. J. Environ. Health. Sci. Eng., vol. 8, pp. 153-158, 2011.
Standards Methods for the examination of Water and Wastewater, 17th ed. American Public Health Association (APHA), 1989, pp. 157 -162.
How to Cite
Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication. Authors can retain copyright in their articles with no restrictions. Also, author can post the final, peer-reviewed manuscript version (postprint) to any repository or website.
Since Jan. 01, 2019, IJETI will publish new articles with Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
The Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC-BY-NC) License permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.