Analysis of Outer Race Bearing Damage by Calculation of Sound Signal Frequency Based on the FFT Method
Keywords:bearing, sound, frequencies, FFT
This study aims to identify the outer race bearing needed to protect an induction motor from severe damage. Faults are diagnosed using a non-invasive technique through the sound signal from an induction motor. The diagnosis aims to assess the damage to the bearings on the fan or main shaft. Moreover, this study discusses the type of damage, loading variations, and the diagnostic accuracy with the damage to the outer race bearing placed on the fan or main shaft rotor. The disturbance detection approach is used to analyze the sound spectrum to identify the harmonic components near the disturbance frequency. The damage frequency characteristics are also calculated to determine the sound spectrum peak value. The results show that the detection is slightly affected by the damage severity and the incorrect placement of the bearings on the rotor shaft. The lowest detection accuracy in testing the outer race bearing damage on the fan shaft is 91.66%. However, the accuracy percentage is 100% with the outer race bearing damage on the main shaft.
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