Innovation for Education on Internet of Things
AbstractThe Internet of Things (IoT) and related objects are becoming more prevalent around the world with exponential growth for the next fifteen years. This evolution implies innovation in many fields of technology, whose core is in microelectronics. Indeed, IoT deals with all societal applications such as health, the environment, transport, energy and communications. Thus, connected objects involve many technological components: sensors and actuators, signal processing circuits, data transmission circuits and systems, energy recovery systems, which directly depend on the performance of microelectronics. To create new connected objects, innovation is the main driver. Innovation results from the combination of a multidisciplinary approach, links between disciplines and the necessary know-how of engineers and technicians. This paper deals with the orientation of pedagogy towards these objectives through the development of dedicated and innovative platforms in microelectronics. These platforms are developed by the French National Microelectronics Education Network (CNFM). After presenting the context of IoT and the evolution of microelectronics technologies, this article highlights the main components of connected objects applied to many societal applications. Each component of the objects requires specific microelectronic devices or circuits. Innovation appears in the nature of platforms, the multidisciplinary approach of training, the permanent links between disciplines, and the adaptation to new educational tools, mainly online. The results of the training on innovative platforms are presented and discussed.
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