A Review of Control Techniques for Wind Energy Conversion System

  • Saibal Manna Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
  • Deepak Kumar Singh Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
  • Ashok Kumar Akella Department of Electrical Engineering, National Institute of Technology Jamshedpur, Jharkhand, India
Keywords: maximum power point tracking, pitch angle controller, grid side controller, wind energy conversion system, machine side controller

Abstract

Wind energy is the most efficient and advanced form of renewable energy (RE) in recent decades, and an effective controller is required to regulate the power generated by wind energy. This study provides an overview of state-of-the-art control strategies for wind energy conversion systems (WECS). Studies on the pitch angle controller, the maximum power point tracking (MPPT) controller, the machine side controller (MSC), and the grid side controller (GSC) are reviewed and discussed. Related works are analyzed, including evolution, software used, input and output parameters, specifications, merits, and limitations of different control techniques. The analysis shows that better performance can be obtained by the adaptive and soft-computing based pitch angle controller and MPPT controller, the field-oriented control for MSC, and the voltage-oriented control for GSC. This study provides an appropriate benchmark for further wind energy research.

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Published
2023-01-01
How to Cite
[1]
Saibal Manna, Deepak Kumar Singh, and Ashok Kumar Akella, “A Review of Control Techniques for Wind Energy Conversion System”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 40-69, Jan. 2023.
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Articles