Deterioration Estimation of Reinforced Concrete Building Structures Using Material Testing Data Base

  • Wei-Ting Lin Department of Civil Engineering, National Ilan University, Ilan, Taiwan, ROC
  • Tsai-Lung Weng Physics Division, Tatung University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC/Institute of Engineering Management, College of Engineering, Tatung University, Taiwan
  • En-Tzu Chang Department of Harbor and River Engineering, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung, Taiwan, ROC
Keywords: durability, analytic hierarchy process, material deterioration


This study aims to investigate the material factors that affect the degree of deterioration of reinforced concrete structures and develop an integrating evaluation model. Also, the durability indices were generated using the analytic hierarchy process for the overall durability assessment of structures, which corresponded to the durability grades referred as the maintenance, reinforcement, or demolishment. The status of concrete includes compressive strength, resistance coefficient, concrete cracks, honeycomb and spalling. And the reinforcement status includes corrosion potential, corrosion current, chloride ion content, neutralization depth and protective layer thickness. Durability indicators were determined through the findings on the structural inspection process of reinforced concrete structures and the evaluation methods related to materials testing and industry standards. Case studies were also presented to illustrate the methodology of the assessment system. The durability methodology can be summarized as the comprehensive evaluation methods considering the earthquake potential factors, structural factors, environmental factors, and material deterioration factors.


M. H. Wu, “Testing, evaluation, and corrosion prevention techniques for aging and degrading RC structures,” Journal of Chinese Institute of Engineers in Kaohsiung, vol. 17, pp. 8-18, April 2010.

C. W. Chang, “Establishment deterioration model for reinforcing concrete bridge in Taiwan,” Master Thesis, Dept. Civil Eng., National Central Univ., Taoyuan, Taiwan, 2004.

H. M. Kim, A. U. Johnson, and Z. J. Mohd, “Structural performance of reinforced geopolymer concrete members: a review,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 124, pp. 251-264, September 2016.

P. C. Ryan and A. O’Connor, “Comparing the durability of self-compacting concretes and conventionally vibrated concretes in chloride rich environments,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 120, pp. 504-513, September 2016.

H. Pan, Z. Yang, and F. Xu, “Study on concrete structure’s durability considering the interaction of multi-factors,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 118, pp. 256-261, August 2016.

C. Y. Wang, W. N. Chiang, M. T. Liang, Y. M. Tien, Y. C. Yang, C. C. Yeh, C. H. Liang, K. Y. Peng, M. C. Chen, W. K. Hsu, Y. L. Sung, Y. C. Liang, and H. L. Wang, Code development on diagnosis, evaluation and rehabilitation of deteriorated reinforced concrete bridges in transportation infrastructure system (II), Ministry of Transportation and Communications, Taiwan, 2004.

C. C. Chang, M. C. Chi, W. C. Yeh, and C. C. Hung, “Development of structure material life cycle evaluation standards and durability evaluation indices (1): final Report,” Architecture and Building Research Institute, Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan, 2011.

V. Kutut, E. K. Zavadskas, and M. Lazauskas, “Assessment of priority alternatives for preservation of historic buildings using model based on ARAS and AHP methods,” Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, vol. 14, pp. 287-294, February 2014.

W. T. Chen, T. T. Chen, C. S. Lu, and S. S. Liu, “Analyzing relationships among success variables of construction partnering using structural equation modeling: a case study of taiwan's construction industry,” Journal of Civil Engineering and Managemen, vol. 18, pp. 783-794, November 2012.

S. N. Kamaruzzaman, E. C. W. Lou, P. F. Wong, R. Wood, and A. I. Che-Ani, “ Developing weighting system for refurbishment building assessment scheme in Malaysia through analytic hierarchy process (AHP) approach,” Energy Policy, vol. 112, pp. 280-290, January 2018.

Existed Building Seismic Capability Evaluation and Retrofitting Program: Renew Program, Construction and Planning Agency Ministry of the Interior, Taiwan, 2017.

ACI Committee 437 report, strength evaluation of existing concrete buildings, ACI 437R, American Concrete Institute, 2003.

Y. C. Liu, “Durability evaluation of RC bridges using analytic hierarchy process,” Master Thesis, Dept. Harbor and River Eng., National Taiwan Ocean University, 2011.

C. P. Chu, “Analytical hierarchy process theory,” Lecture Report, National Dong Hwa University, 2009.

L. G. Vargas, “An overview of the analytic hierarchy process and its applications,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 48, pp. 2-8, September 1999.

G. A. Miller, “The magical number seven plus or minus two: some limits on our capacity for processing information,” Psychological Review, vol. 63, pp. 81- 97, March 1956.

T. L. Satty and L. G. Vargas, “The logic of priorities: applications in business, energy, health, and transportation,” Boston: Kluwer-Nijhoff, 1982.

H. A. Linstone and M. Turoff, “The Delphi method: techniques and applications,” Mass: Addison-Wesley, 1975.

J. C. Chang, J. Su, S. S. Chen, and Y. S. He, “Condition and durability assessment guidelines and construction examples for old concrete bridges,” China Communications Press, July 2008.

Z. R. Chen, “Evaluation of RC building durability index using analytic hierarchy process,” Master Thesis, Dept. Harbor and River Eng., National Taiwan Ocean University, 2012.

Taiwan Professional Civil Engineers Association, “Earthquake resistance evaluation report for building a of tucheng junior high school in new taipei city,” Taipei, Taiwan, Evaluated Report, 2012.

How to Cite
W.-T. Lin, T.-L. Weng, and E.-T. Chang, “Deterioration Estimation of Reinforced Concrete Building Structures Using Material Testing Data Base”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 22-37, Jan. 2019.