Engineering Properties of Ternary Cementless Blended Materials


  • Wei-Ting Lin Department of Civil Engineering, National Ilan University, Yilan, Taiwan
  • Kinga Korniejenko Institute of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
  • Marek Hebda Institute of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
  • Michał Łach Institute of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
  • Janusz Mikuła Institute of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Materials Engineering and Physics, Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland



non-cement binder, co-fired fly ash, GGBS, chloride migration, green materials


A new non-cement blended materials is developed as a full replacement of cement without alkali activator. This study was conducted to explore a suitable method for activating new ternary green materials with desulfurization gypsum, water-quenched blast-furnace slag and co-fired fly ash from circulating fluidized bed combustion as non-cement inorganic binder. Test subject was included flowability, compressive strength, absorption, total charge-passed from rapid chloride permeability test, chloride diffusion coefficient from accelerated chloride migration test and SEM observation. Test results indicate that a ternary mixture containing 1% desulfurization gypsum, 60% water-quenched blast-furnace slag and 39% co-fired fly ash was a suitable development in compressive strength. The new non-cement blended materials were performed a well compressive strength, lower absorption, and lower chloride diffusion coefficient. In addition, the compressive strength decreased as the inclusion of desulfurization gypsum increased. It was concluded that using desulfurization gypsum alone decreased the setting time and compressive strength. SEM micrographs were verified the development in compressive strength originated from the C-S-H and C-A-S-H gel produced by Ca(OH)2, SiO2, and Al2O3.


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How to Cite

W.-T. Lin, K. Korniejenko, M. Hebda, M. Łach, and J. Mikuła, “Engineering Properties of Ternary Cementless Blended Materials”, Int. j. eng. technol. innov., vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 191–199, Jul. 2020.